A review of the effects of reduced water consumption on the wet end of the paper machine and the quality of paper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Gilles Gourgogne
  • Jaakko E. Laine

Research units


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-203
JournalPaperi ja Puu - Paper and Timber
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • closed cycle, membrane techniques, water consumption, white water

ID: 2381637