A review of demand side flexibility potential in Northern Europe

Lennart Söder*, Peter D. Lund, Hardi Koduvere, Torjus Folsland Bolkesjø, Geir Høyvik Rossebø, Emilie Rosenlund-Soysal, Klaus Skytte, Jonas Katz, Dagnija Blumberga

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The number of regional and national power systems with a high share of wind and solar power in the world is quickly increasing. The background for this development is improved technology, decreasing costs, and increased concern regarding environmental problems of competing technologies such as fossil fuels. For the future there are large possibilities for increasing the renewable electricity share. However, variable renewable power production has to be balanced. Demand side flexibility offers an interesting approach to the balancing issues. The aim of this paper is to compare flexibility potentials and how they were estimated in seven Northern European countries in order to compare general challenges and results as well as the connection between used method and results. The total flexibility is estimated to 12–23 GW in a system with a total peak load of 77 GW.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-664
Number of pages11
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Early online date1 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • Balancing
  • Demand side management
  • Flexibility
  • Solar power
  • Wind power

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    Söder, L., Lund, P. D., Koduvere, H., Bolkesjø, T. F., Rossebø, G. H., Rosenlund-Soysal, E., ... Blumberga, D. (2018). A review of demand side flexibility potential in Northern Europe. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 91, 654-664. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.104