A reliable energy-balancing multi-group (REM) routing protocol for firefighter communication networks

Mahin K. Atiq, Kamran Manzoor, Soomi Kim, Najam Ul Hasan, Hyung Seok Kim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
330 Downloads (Pure)


In a fire rescue operation, a fast, reliable, and robust communication system is needed to quickly take control of the emergent situation. One of the most important issues in firefighter communication networks (FCNs) is the design of a specialized routing protocol that caters to the specific needs of the fire rescue application. This paper proposes a reliable, energy-balancing, multi-group (REM) routing protocol for an FCN. Since firefighters work in groups, a cluster-based hierarchical approach was adopted. REM is intended to achieve reliability and energy balancing in data communication by incorporating metric-based cluster head (CH) selection, CH rotation among cluster members, and a routing algorithm. Within a cluster, the node with highest metric value based on residual energy and number of connections is chosen as the CH. The CH's responsibilities are rotated periodically among the cluster members. REM chooses nodes with a higher metric based on residual energy, number of connections, and number of hops to the base station (BS) as the next hop for forwarding data to the BS. This helps to achieve reliability, less delay, and energy balancing when compared with other routing schemes, as evident from the simulation results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number66
Pages (from-to)1-14
JournalEURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Energy-balancing
  • Firefighter communication network
  • Multi-group


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