A Novel Multiobjective Cell Switch-Off Framework for Cellular Networks

David González G., Jyri Hämäläinen, Halim Yanikomeroglu, Mario García-Lozano, Gamini Senarath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
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Cell switch-off (CSO) is recognized as a promising approach to reduce the energy consumption in the next-generation cellular networks. However, CSO poses serious challenges not only from the resource allocation perspective but also from the implementation point of view. Indeed, CSO represents a difficult optimization problem due to its NP-complete nature. Moreover, there are a number of important practical limitations in the implementation of CSO schemes, such as the need for minimizing the real-time complexity and the number of on–off/off–on transitions and CSO-induced handovers. This paper introduces a novel approach to CSO based on multiobjective optimization that makes use of the statistical description of the service demand (known by operators). In addition, downlink and uplink coverage criteria are included and a comparative analysis between different models to characterize intercell interference is also presented to shed light on their impact on CSO. The framework distinguishes itself from other proposals in two ways: 1) the number of on–off/off–on transitions as well as handovers are minimized and 2) the computationally-heavy part of the algorithm is executed offline, which makes its implementation feasible. The results show that the proposed scheme achieves substantial energy savings in small cell deployments, where service demand is not uniformly distributed, without compromising the quality-of-service or requiring heavy real-time processing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7883 - 7898
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Cellular networks
  • energy efficiency
  • cell switch-off
  • CSO
  • multiobjective optimization
  • Pareto efficiency


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