A novel global harmony search method based off-line tuning of RFNN for adaptive control of uncertain nonlinear systems

Fouad Allouani*, Djamel Boukhetala, Farès Boudjema, Xiaozhi Gao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Purpose – The two main purposes of this paper are: first, the development of a new optimization algorithm called GHSACO by incorporating the global-best harmony search (GHS) which is a stochastic optimization algorithm recently developed, with the ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithm. Second, design of a new indirect adaptive recurrent fuzzy-neural controller (IARFNNC) for uncertain nonlinear systems using the developed optimization method (GHSACO) and the concept of the supervisory controller. Design/methodology/approach – The novel optimization method introduces a novel improvisation process, which is different from that of the GHS in the following aspects: a modified harmony memory representation and conception. The use of a global random switching mechanism to monitor the choice between the ACO and GHS. An additional memory consideration selection rule using the ACO random proportional transition rule with a pheromone trail update mechanism.The developed optimization method is applied for parametric optimization of all recurrent fuzzy neural networks adaptive controller parameters. In addition, in order to guarantee that the system states are confined to the safe region, a supervisory controller is incorporated into the IARFNNC global structure. Findings – First, to analyze the performance of GHSACO method and shows its effectiveness, some benchmark functions with different dimensions are used. Simulation results demonstrate that it can find significantly better solutions when compared with the Harmony Search (HS), GHS, improved HS (IHS) and conventional ACO algorithm. In addition, simulation results obtained using an example of nonlinear system shows clearly the feasibility and the applicability of the proposed control method and the superiority of the GHSACO method compared to the HS, its variants, particle swarm optimization, and genetic algorithms applied to the same problem. Originality/value – The proposed new GHS algorithm is more efficient than the original HS method and its most known variants IHS and GHS. The proposed control method is applicable to any uncertain nonlinear system belongs in the class of systems treated in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-98
Number of pages30
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Adaptive recurrent fuzzy-neural control
  • Ant colony optimization (ACO)
  • Harmony Search (HS)
  • Hybrid optimization methods

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