The increasing growth of renewable energy resources (RESs) in microgrids and the uncertainty associated with their generation have led to problems in the management of smart active distribution networks. One of the main challenges in the planning for the operation of renewable power systems is net electrical load forecasting, therefore, increasing the accuracy of net-load forecasting is a vital issue. In this study, a deep neural network model is used to forecast the net-load. The structure of the deep neural network used in the proposed forecasting model has been constituted by several autoencoders and a cascade neural network. The net-load forecasting has been done in the presence of uncertainties arising from wind and photovoltaic (PV) generation and electrical load consumption. To improve the net-load forecasting precision, the wavelet transform has been applied to the inputs of the proposed model. The net-load forecast in different scenarios is conducted on an open dataset from 37 central European countries, from the perspective of different types of forecasting strategies and changes in the neural network architecture. The simulation results significantly confirm the accuracy of the proposed forecasting model by different indices.
- Cascade neural network
- Deep neural network
- Net-load forecasting strategies
- Renewable power system
- Wavelet transform