A Multi-tier Communication Scheme for Drone-assisted Disaster Recovery Scenarios

Farouk Mezghani, Pranvera Kortoci, Nathalie Mitton, Mario Di Francesco

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Disaster scenarios are particularly devastating in urban environments, which are generally very densely populated. Disasters not only endanger the life of people, but also affect the existing communication infrastructure. In fact, such an infrastructure could be completely destroyed or damaged; even when it continues working, it suffers from high access demand to its resources within a short period of time, thereby compromising the efficiency of rescue operations. This work leverages the ubiquitous presence of wireless devices (e.g., smartphones) in urban scenarios to assist search and rescue activities following a disaster. It considers multi-interface wireless devices and drones to collect emergency messages in areas affected by natural disasters. Specifically, it proposes a collaborative data collection protocol that organizes wireless devices in multiple tiers by targeting a fair energy consumption in the whole network, thereby extending the network lifetime. Moreover, it introduces a scheme to control the path of drones so as to collect data in a short time. Simulation results in realistic settings show that the proposed solution balances the energy consumption in the network by means of efficient drone routes, thereby effectively assisting search and rescue operations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE 30th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC 2019
PublisherIEEE
ISBN (Electronic)9781538681107
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 8 Sep 201911 Sep 2019
Conference number: 30

Conference

ConferenceIEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications
Abbreviated titlePIMRC
CountryTurkey
CityIstanbul
Period08/09/201911/09/2019

Keywords

  • Disaster recovery
  • drone-based data collection
  • energy-efficiency
  • multi-tier communication

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