A Multi-National Study of Reading and Tracing Skills in Novice Programmers

Raymond Lister, Elizabeth S. Adams, Sue Fitzgerald, William Fone, John Hamer, Morten Lindholm, Robert McCartney, Jan Erik Moström, Kate Sanders, Otto Seppälä, Beth Simon, Lynda Thomas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    177 Citations (Scopus)
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)119-150
    JournalACM SIGCSE Bulletin
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2004
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • computer science education
    • desk checking
    • doodles
    • multiple choice exam
    • novice programmer
    • programming
    • tracing
    • transcripts

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