We have studied the low energy irradiation of carbon nanotubes (CNT) with K ions using classical molecular dynamics simulations with analytical potentials. The studied CNTs had diameters of about 0.5-1.2 nm and single or multiple walls. The average penetration depth and probabilities to introduce an impurity atom into CNT were studied with simulations on irradiating the CNT with single K ion. The number of potassium clusters, their average sizes and the damage produced into the CNT due to the irradiation were studied using multiple K ion irradiations. We found that the K ions are mobile in CNTs right after the implantation event and that they cluster together. For CNTs with 1-3 coaxial tubes, the highest ratio of K atoms in clusters per total number of K ions was obtained by using an irradiation energy of about 100 eV. Also the least damage per K ion was found to be produced into the CNT with this energy when those energies high enough for the ion to penetrate the outermost wall of the CNT were considered.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2005|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- Ion irradiation
- Molecular dynamics