A fuzzy-grey multicriteria decision making model for district heating system

Haichao Wang, Lin Duanmu, Risto Lahdelma, Xiangli Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


District heating (DH) is playing an indispensable role in the energy supply all over the world. The high share of DH based on combined heat and power (CHP) indicates the energy efficiency of the local heating systems. In the future, the optimal planning and design of a DH system should consider not only the techno-economic feasibility but also the capability to improve energy efficiency and environment protection. This means that single objective optimization model for the planning of DH system is limited in this regard. Therefore, a multicriteria decision making (MCDM) model for decision support on the planning and designing of DH system is developed in this paper. This is a typical problem with uncertainty and imprecision both in the criteria measurements and the weights. In view of this, we adopted the fuzzy set theory and grey relational analysis to develop a fuzzy grey multicriteria decision making (FG-MCDM) model for DH systems. Sensitivity analysis was also conducted to study the influence of weight vectors on the evaluation results. The model can take into account energy, economy and environment concerns synthetically and thus facilitates more judicious decision making on DH systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1051-1061
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Combined heat and power
  • District heating
  • Multicriteria decision making
  • Weight


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