A faster subquadratic algorithm for finding outlier correlations

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Abstract

We study the problem of detecting outlier pairs of strongly correlated variables among a collection of n variables with otherwise weak pairwise correlations. After normalization, this task amounts to the geometric task where we are given as input a set of n vectors with unit Euclidean norm and dimension d, and for some constants 0 < τ < ρ < 1, we are asked to find all the outlier pairs of vectors whose inner product is at least ρ in absolute value, subject to the promise that all but at most q pairs of vectors have inner product at most τ in absolute value. Improving on an algorithm of Valiant [FOCS 2012; J. ACM 2015], we present a randomized algorithm that for Boolean inputs ({−1, 1}-valued data normalized to unit Euclidean length) runs in time (Equation presented), where 0 < γ < 1 is a constant tradeoff parameter and M(μ, ν) is the exponent to multiply an [nμ] × [nν ] matrix with an [nν] × [nμ] matrix and Δ = 1/(1 − logτ ρ). As corollaries we obtain randomized algorithms that run in time (Equation presented) and in time (Equation presented), where 2 ≤ ω < 2.38 is the exponent for square matrix multiplication and 0.3 < α ≤ 1 is the exponent for rectangular matrix multiplication. The notation Õ (·) hides polylogarithmic factors in n and d whose degree may depend on ρ and τ. We present further corollaries for the light bulb problem and for learning sparse Boolean functions.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
Pages (from-to)1-26
JournalACM Transactions on Algorithms
Volume14
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Correlation, Fast matrix multiplication, Light bulb problem, Rectangular matrix multiplication, Similarity search

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