A facile method to produce TiO2 nanorods for high-efficiency dye solar cells

Jingshu Wan, Li Tao, Baoyuan Wang, Jun Zhang, Hao Wang*, Peter D. Lund

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Highly ordered TiO2 nanorods are considered promising for photoanodes in dye-sensitized solar cells due to their high charge transfer rate of photo-generated electrons, but they often suffer from low specific area, which may lead to a low conversion efficiency. Here, we produce long vertical single-crystalline rutile TiO2-nanorod arrays on fluorine-doped tin oxide conductive glass substrates(FTO)by the hydrothermal method. To further increase the specific area, the TiO2-nanorod arrays are etched in a secondary hydrothermal process by hydrochloric acid. The etching time have a major effect on the nanorod microstructure and on the dye-sensitized solar cells efficiency. The best result is reached with 8 h of etching, which results in a record high conversion efficiency of 11.14 ± 0.12% (certified efficiency 10.3%) under full sunlight illumination (AM 1.5 G, 100 mW/cm2). The record cell has an open voltage of 0.79 V and a short current density of 21.59 mA/cm2. The proposed manufacturing approach of TiO2 nanorods is highly potential for producing high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number227012
Pages (from-to)1-8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Dye-sensitized solar cells
  • Etching
  • Hydrothermal processing
  • TiO nanorods

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A facile method to produce TiO<sub>2</sub> nanorods for high-efficiency dye solar cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this