A disruption framework

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A disruption framework. / Kilkki, Matti; Mäntylä, Martti; Karhu, Kimmo; Hämmäinen, Heikki; Ailisto, Heikki.

In: Technological Forecasting & Social Change, Vol. 129, 04.2018, p. 275-284.

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@article{73e391a1f9f14ddcbae544337d8c9d16,
title = "A disruption framework",
abstract = "One of the fundamental dilemmas of modern society is the unpredictable and problematic effect of rapid technological development. Sometimes the consequences are momentous not only on the level of a firm, but also on the level of an entire industry or society. This paper provides a framework to understand and assess such disruptions with a focus on the firm and industry levels. First, we give a generally applicable definition for a disruption as an event in which an agent must redesign its strategy to survive a change in the environment. Then we construct a layered model that spans from basic science to society and enables a systematic analysis of different types of disruption. The model also helps in analyzing the spread of innovations both vertically between layers and horizontally between industries. Thirdly, we introduce three main threats that may lead to a disruption and four basic strategies applicable when a disruption occurs. Finally, the framework is used to study four cases: GSM, GPS, the digitalization of photography, and 3D printing. The main contribution of this paper is the simple yet expressive model for understanding and analyzing the spread of industry-level disruptions through several layers and between industries.",
keywords = "Disruption, Innovation, Technology, Ecosystem, Strategy",
author = "Matti Kilkki and Martti M{\"a}ntyl{\"a} and Kimmo Karhu and Heikki H{\"a}mm{\"a}inen and Heikki Ailisto",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.techfore.2017.09.034",
language = "English",
volume = "129",
pages = "275--284",
journal = "Technological Forecasting & Social Change",
issn = "0040-1625",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - A disruption framework

AU - Kilkki, Matti

AU - Mäntylä, Martti

AU - Karhu, Kimmo

AU - Hämmäinen, Heikki

AU - Ailisto, Heikki

PY - 2018/4

Y1 - 2018/4

N2 - One of the fundamental dilemmas of modern society is the unpredictable and problematic effect of rapid technological development. Sometimes the consequences are momentous not only on the level of a firm, but also on the level of an entire industry or society. This paper provides a framework to understand and assess such disruptions with a focus on the firm and industry levels. First, we give a generally applicable definition for a disruption as an event in which an agent must redesign its strategy to survive a change in the environment. Then we construct a layered model that spans from basic science to society and enables a systematic analysis of different types of disruption. The model also helps in analyzing the spread of innovations both vertically between layers and horizontally between industries. Thirdly, we introduce three main threats that may lead to a disruption and four basic strategies applicable when a disruption occurs. Finally, the framework is used to study four cases: GSM, GPS, the digitalization of photography, and 3D printing. The main contribution of this paper is the simple yet expressive model for understanding and analyzing the spread of industry-level disruptions through several layers and between industries.

AB - One of the fundamental dilemmas of modern society is the unpredictable and problematic effect of rapid technological development. Sometimes the consequences are momentous not only on the level of a firm, but also on the level of an entire industry or society. This paper provides a framework to understand and assess such disruptions with a focus on the firm and industry levels. First, we give a generally applicable definition for a disruption as an event in which an agent must redesign its strategy to survive a change in the environment. Then we construct a layered model that spans from basic science to society and enables a systematic analysis of different types of disruption. The model also helps in analyzing the spread of innovations both vertically between layers and horizontally between industries. Thirdly, we introduce three main threats that may lead to a disruption and four basic strategies applicable when a disruption occurs. Finally, the framework is used to study four cases: GSM, GPS, the digitalization of photography, and 3D printing. The main contribution of this paper is the simple yet expressive model for understanding and analyzing the spread of industry-level disruptions through several layers and between industries.

KW - Disruption

KW - Innovation

KW - Technology

KW - Ecosystem

KW - Strategy

U2 - 10.1016/j.techfore.2017.09.034

DO - 10.1016/j.techfore.2017.09.034

M3 - Article

VL - 129

SP - 275

EP - 284

JO - Technological Forecasting & Social Change

JF - Technological Forecasting & Social Change

SN - 0040-1625

ER -

ID: 16194353