A Diagnostic Approach to Assess the Effect of Temperature Stratification on the Combustion Modes of Gasoline Surrogates

Ali Shahanaghi*, Shervin Karimkashi, Ossi Kaario, Ville Vuorinen, Rupali Tripathi, Teemu Sarjovaara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Thermal stratification may switch the combustion mode from deflagration to spontaneous (auto-ignition) in spark-ignition engines leading to knock. Despite the available numerical and experimental works, an analytical and systematic method on the role of local thermal stratification on the combustion mode is still missing. Particularly, the effects of heat diffusion before ignition in negative temperature coefficient (NTC) chemistry of gasoline surrogates are typically ignored. In this study, an a-priori diagnostics tool is provided to separate the deflagration and auto-ignition combustion modes by considering the diffusion effects, based on two parameters: stratification wavelength (lambda) and amplitude (delta). The diagnostics tool is an extension of Zeldovich's theory to transient problems by solving the diffusion equation and considering the flame and ignition timescales. It is found that 1) The theory is valid against one-dimensional numerical simulations under different average temperatures and pressures. 2) NTC chemistry promotes spontaneous ignition at both low and high pressures. 3) In the presence of NTC chemistry, the transition region between the two combustion modes is broadened. A third blended mode is observed (spontaneous ignition assisted flame) with front speeds approximate to 6S(1). 4) Finally, estimation of the knock propensity from the generated maps is related to the surrogates' octane sensitivities.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages32
JournalCombustion Science and Technology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Apr 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Combustion modes
  • temperature stratification
  • gasoline surrogates
  • spark ignition engines
  • knock
  • DIRECT NUMERICAL-SIMULATION
  • IGNITION FRONT PROPAGATION
  • LARGE-EDDY SIMULATION
  • N-HEPTANE
  • CONSTANT VOLUME
  • OCTANE NUMBERS
  • AUTO-IGNITION
  • DELAY TIMES
  • AUTOIGNITION
  • MIXTURES

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