A control method for increasing the heat usage efficiency of nearly-zero-energy buildings with heat pumps

H. Pihlap*, Andres Annuk, M. Lehtonen, S. Muiste, A. Tooming, A. Allik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

In the retrofitting of older buildings with central heating into nearly zero-energy buildings more and more air to water heat pumps are used. These heat pumps are normally connected to heating systems, producing heat only on demand. The greatest demand for heat occurs when the outside temperature and therefore the COP of the pump is lowest. Outside temperature varies during the day, meaning it is possible to save energy by producing and storing heat in a situation where the COP is higher. To determine the periods with higher COP values weather forecast data and COP curves are used. The data enables to rank and select time periods for heat production. This in conjunction with the heat demand curve of the building enables to create an operation schedule for the heat pump. The aim of the study is to develop heat pump control methods for renovated buildings to comply with nearly zero energy building codes. Dependant on the heat pump and weather conditions, up to 10% of the electricity demand for heating can be decreased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)958-968
Number of pages11
JournalAGRONOMY RESEARCH
Volume18
Issue numberSpecial Issue 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Heat demand modelling
  • Heat production scheduling
  • Heating season
  • Optimization
  • Temperature fluctuations

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