A conjugate heat transfer (CHT) study of a liquid cooling heat exchanger is carried out using the open source computational fluid dynamics (CFD) library OpenFOAM. The heat exchanger was 3D printed using aluminium and experimentally verified by temperature probing and thermal imaging. The functionality of the heat exchanger in cooling localized heat sources is demonstrated. Three different turbulence models were utilized including k-ω shear stress transport (SST) model, the standard k-ε model and large-eddy simulation (LES). The numerical results indicate that the k-ω SST and LES models produced similar results in terms of flow structures and temperature levels while the k-ε model deviated from the two other models. The scalability of the heat exchanger was numerically demonstrated by comparing the flow uniformity by varying the inlet Reynolds number between 4960 and 14880. The conclusions of the paper consists of the following main results. (1) The numerical results indicate that the flow uniformity in the channels is noted to be affected by the flow structures before and after the fin system. (2) The simulated hot-spot temperatures were noted to be relatively sensitive to the predicted flow laminarization inside the channels. (3) The heat exchanger was shown to be functional and to maintain cool surface temperatures in the simulations and the experiments. Additionally, the used CHT solver in OpenFOAM is tested and verified in different ways.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow|
|Early online date||4 Aug 2020|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2020|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- 3D printing
- Liquid cooling