A comparison of the popular home automation technologies

Kevin Otto, C. Withanage, R. Ashok, C. Yuen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


Home automation systems represent the front-end of smart grids, where the energy monitoring and control operations are enabled through smart devices installed in households and residential buildings. There are many home automation technologies available in the market, and the users are left to select their choice of best technology. Proper guidelines to their selection currently remain low. Therefore, in this paper, a comparison of popular home automation technologies is presented from user perspective to fill this void in the research literature, and to empower the users with more details based on the current home automation market. X10, Z-Wave, ZigBee, INSTEON, and EnOcean are the home automation technologies compared in this paper. Two indices are developed as the outcome of this paper to represent the performance and affordability of these technologies, as a guideline to the potential users. We find these technologies fit out a tradeoff of higher performance and price (Z-Wave) down to lower performance and price (X10). With this understanding, appropriate choices can be made.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2014 IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia, ISGT ASIA 2014
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781479913008
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Asia - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 20 May 201423 May 2014


ConferenceIEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Asia
Abbreviated titleISGT ASIA
CityKuala Lumpur


  • home automation
  • sensor systems
  • smart homes


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