Precast concrete sandwich wall panels consist of two outer wythes of precast concrete separated by a middle layer of insulation. In recent years, Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) shear connectors have been increasingly used since they have lower thermal conductivity compared to traditional steel shear connectors, which can significantly reduce thermal bridging. However, FRP shear connectors have lower stiffness, resulting in partial Degree of Composite Action (DCA), which is an important parameter to describe the structural behavior of the panels. Different methods have been proposed to calculate DCAs, including displacement method, strain method, and load method. This paper will compare and evaluate the effectiveness of these methods. A bending test was conducted on a full size of 7 m × 3 m, precast, prestressed insulated concrete sandwich panel with FRP shear connectors. A non-linear Finite Element (FE) model is created, where good correlations can be achieved between the test and FE results. The FE model is further employed to conduct a parametric study by varying the stiffness of the shear connectors. DCAs for different stiffnesses are calculated using the aforementioned three methods and the applicability and limitation of each method are investigated.
- Displacement method
- Insulated Concrete Sandwich Panel
- Load method
- Partial Degree of Composite Action
- Strain method