A 71–76 GHz wideband receiver front-end for phased array applications in 0.13 μm SiGe BiCMOS technology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Research units

  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland


This paper presents the design of a millimeter-wave wideband receiver front-end in a 0.13 μ m SiGe BiCMOS technology for phased array applications. The receiver front-end is suitable for a phased array time-division duplexing communication system where both the transmitter and the receiver share the same antenna. The monolithic microwave integrated circuit front-end comprises of quarter-wave shunt switches, a low-noise amplifier (LNA), an active phase shifter and a buffer amplifier. The quarter-wave shunt switch is designed using reverse-saturated SiGe HBTs. The transformer-based LNA utilizes a common-emitter amplifier at the first stage and a cascode amplifier at the second stage to exploit the advantages of both common-emitter and cascode topologies. The designed switch is incorporated in the input matching network of the LNA. The active phase shifter consists of variable gain amplifiers driven by a polyphase filter-based quadrature generator. The receiver front-end achieves a measured gain of 18.5 dB and a noise figure of 9 dB with a 3 dB bandwidth of 23 GHz from 56 to 79 GHz. The receiver phase can be tuned continuously from 0 to 360 . An output referred 1-dB compression point of - 7.4 dBm is achieved at 70 GHz. The receiver consumes 116 mW of DC power and occupies a core area of 1800μm×475μm.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465–476
Number of pages12
JournalAnalog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing
Issue number3
Early online date9 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • BiCMOS, Heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT), LNA, Millimeter-wave, MMIC, PALNA, Phase shifter, Phased arrays, SiGe, Switch, Transformer balun, DESIGN, ANTENNAS, TRANSCEIVER, GHZ

ID: 27113533