A 352nW, 30 ppm/°C all MOS nano ampere current reference circuit

Shailesh singh Chouhan*, Kari Halonen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, an ultra low power all-MOSFET based current reference circuit, developed in 0.18 µm CMOS technology, is presented. The proposed circuit is based on the classical resistor-less beta multiplier circuit with an additional temperature compensation feature. The circuit is capable of providing the reference current in a nanoampere range for the supply voltage ranging from 1 V to 2 V in the industrial temperature range of −40 °C to 85 °C. The measurements were performed on 10 prototypes. The measured mean value of the reference current is 58.7 nA with a mean temperature coefficient value of 30 ppm/°C. In addition, the measured mean line regulation is 3.4%/V in the given supply voltage range. The total current consumption of the circuit is 352 nA and the chip area is 0.036 mm2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-52
Number of pages8
JournalMicroelectronics Journal
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Beta multiplier
  • Current reference circuit
  • IoT
  • Nanoampere
  • Reference circuits
  • Temperature
  • Ultra low power


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