A 2.4-GHz low-power all-digital phase-locked loop

Liangge Xu*, Saska Lindfors, Kari Stadius, Jussi Ryynänen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper presents a 2.4-GHz all-digital phase-locked loop (ADPLL) frequency synthesizer for wireless applications. The ADPLL is built around a digitally controlled LC oscillator, and it covers the target frequency range with fine frequency resolution. In the feedback path, a high-speed topology is employed for the variable phase accumulator to count full cycles of the RF output. A simple technique based on a short delay line in the reference signal path effectively lowers power consumption of the time-to-digital converter (TDC) and reduces in-band spurs of the output spectrum. Fabricated in a 65-nm CMOS, the ADPLL has an active area of 0.24 mm2. Measured output frequency range is from 2.29 to 2.92 GHz. The worst-case phase noise at 1-MHz offset over the whole frequency range is -120 dBc/Hz when the PLL consumes 12 mW from a 1.2-V supply, and -112 dBc when power is lowered to 8 mW. The in-band spurs are below -61 dBc, and far-off spurs below -57 dBc.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the Custom Integrated Circuits Conference
    Number of pages4
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventIEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference - San Jose, United States
    Duration: 13 Sep 200916 Sep 2009


    ConferenceIEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference
    Abbreviated titleCICC
    CountryUnited States
    CitySan Jose

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