A 2-5.5 GHz Beamsteering Receiver IC With 4-Element Vivaldi Antenna Array

Mahwish Zahra, Ilia Kempi, Jaakko Haarla, Yury Antonov, Zahra Khonsari, Toni Miilunpalo, Nouman Ahmed, Juha Inkinen, Vishnu Unnikrishnan, Anu Lehtovuori, Ville Viikari, Lauri Anttila, Mikko Valkama, Marko Kosunen, Kari Stadius, Jussi Ryynänen

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In this article, we present a four-element Vivaldi antenna array and beamsteering receiver IC for the fifth-generation mobile network (5G) new radio (NR). The implemented receiver utilizes a delay-based local-oscillator phase shift technique for accurate beamsteering, and it exhibits 1° to 2.4° phase tuning capability for 2-5 GHz bandwidth accordingly. On-chip delay measurement is performed with pilot signal generation and delay estimation capable of 2-ps accuracy. The IC is fabricated on 28-nm CMOS technology, it occupies an area of 1.4x1.4 mm^2, including bonding pads, and consumes 22.8 mW at 2 GHz for single-receiver path operation. The receiver demonstrates wideband over-the-air reception with the prototype antennas.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Beamsteering
  • calibration
  • delay estimator
  • delay line
  • local oscillator (LO) phase shifting
  • phased arrays
  • radio frequency (RF) front ends
  • self-test
  • sub-6 GHz
  • Vivaldi antenna
  • wideband receiver.

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  • Projects

    ADVANTAG5: Advanced Wide-Band Transceiver Architectures for Beyond 5G Wireless Systems

    Kosunen, M.


    Project: EU: Framework programmes funding

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