A 0.6–4.0 GHz RF-Resampling Beamforming Receiver with Frequency-Scaling True-Time-Delays up to Three Carrier Cycles

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Abstract

True-time-delays enable wideband analog and hy-brid beamforming by mitigating the beam squint problem. This paper reports a true-time-delay beamforming receiver supporting delays up to three carrier-frequency cycles. The implementation is the first published work in which the delays scale with the carrier frequency. The scaling enables true-time-delays for large arrays at low-GHz frequencies where long delays are required due to λc/2 antenna spacing. The delays are implemented through delayed resampling of a passive mixer’s discrete-time output. Driving the mixers with pulse-skipped local oscillator (LO) signals allows the delay range to exceed one carrier cycle. A polyphase receiver structure prevents aliasing of noise and unwanted tones caused by LO pulse-skipping. Our prototype implementation demonstrates squint-free beamforming for an 800 MHz instantaneous RF bandwidth. The proposed true-time-delay is efficient for large arrays since the power consumption per antenna is only 5–13 mW across the 0.6–4.0 GHz frequency range. The prototype was implemented in 28-nm FD-SOI CMOS, and the die area including bonding pads is only 1.2 mm2.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234 - 237
JournalIEEE Solid State Circuits Letters
Volume3
Early online date2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Analog beamforming
  • beam squint
  • CMOS
  • hybrid beamforming
  • phased array
  • radio receiver
  • resampling
  • RF sampling
  • spatial filtering
  • true-time-delay

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  • Projects

    ADVANTAG5: Advanced Wide-Band Transceiver Architectures for Beyond 5G Wireless Systems

    Kosunen, M.

    01/05/201730/09/2020

    Project: EU: Framework programmes funding

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