A 0.18μm CMOS voltage multiplier arrangement for RF energy harvesting

Shailesh Singh Chouhan*, Kari Halonen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This work presents a two-stage voltage multiplier (VM) useful in RF energy harvesting based applications. The proposed circuit is based on the conventional differential drive rectifier, in which the input RF signal has been level shifted using a simple arrangement. This signal is then used to drive the next stage, which has been formed by using gate cross-coupled transistors. As a result, the load driving capability of the proposed architecture increases. The load in this work has been emulated in terms of a parallel RC circuit. The architecture has been implemented using standard 0.18 (Formula presented.)m CMOS technology. The measurements of the two-stage conventional VM (CVM) and proposed VM circuits were performed at ISM frequencies 13.56, 433, 915 MHz and 2.4 GHz for R(Formula presented.) of values 1, 5, 10, 3 and 100 K(Formula presented.) with a fixed value of C(Formula presented.) equal to 20 pF. The performance evaluation has been done in terms of the power conversion efficiency (PCE) and average output DC voltage. The measured results show an improvement in PCE of 5% (minimum) for 13.56, 433 and 915 MHz frequencies, and up to 2% improvement for a frequency value of 2.4 GHz at the targeted load condition of 5 K(Formula presented.)20 pF, when compared with the measured results of the CVM circuit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-353
Number of pages11
JournalAnalog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing
Issue number3
Early online date23 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Energy harvesting
  • ISM frequencies
  • Rectifiers
  • RF to DC converter
  • Voltage multiplier


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