8.2 - Response to isopropanol or ionic/non-ionic surfactant in the competitive imbibition of water and alkane into calcium carbonate structures

Cathy J. Ridgway, Joachim Schoelkopf, Patrick A.C. Gane

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    This work explores the relationship between polar and non-polar liquids and their interaction with typical porous coating structures, consisting of 100 % dispersed calcium carbonate. The effects of surface active agents, i.e. isopropanol and ionic/non-ionic surfactant are investigated. These surface active agents are currently being employed and developed for the printing industry. Absorption rates into compressed tablets of ground calcium carbonate, with and without the presence of latex, are observed. Polyacrylate dispersant, used in manufacture, renders the pigment surface both hydrophilic and hygroscopic, and therefore controls the differential dynamic wetting characteristics of the porous structure for either polar or non-polar liquids. In competition with non-polar hexadecane saturating the pore structure of a latex-free sample, polar water displaces the non-polar liquid instantaneously, causing disintegration of the packed porous structure. In the presence of latex binder, however, the structurally destructive pressure is contained, and the uptake of polar water is retarded. The required pre-wetting action of water vapour diffusion on the polyacrylate pigment surface is considered to be an integral part of the successful competition between oil and water in the offset printing process, as non-polar oil absorbs steadily into a water pre-saturated structure. Additionally, isopropanol likely promotes miscibility and emulsification more so than ionic/non-ionic surfactant. This behavior is possibly relates to the comparative molecular weights of the active agents which differentiate their surface energy modifying mechanism from those of the ionic pigment dispersant and binder stabilizers/carboxylation. The use of surface active agents enables potentially a more homogeneous response to the competitive imbibition environment within the coating structure.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication11th Advanced Coating Fundamentals Symposium Proceedings
    Subtitle of host publicationThe Latest Advances in Coating Research and Development
    Number of pages15
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventTAPPI Advanced Coating Fundamentals Symposium - Munich, Germany
    Duration: 11 Oct 201013 Oct 2010
    Conference number: 11


    ConferenceTAPPI Advanced Coating Fundamentals Symposium
    Abbreviated titleACFS

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