3D Simulations of Deep Mixed Columns under Road Embankment

Ayman Abed*, Leena Korkiala-Tanttu, Juha Forsman, Kirsi Koivisto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
121 Downloads (Pure)


When column stabilisation is meant to function as a ground improvement under an embankment, the design cases to be considered consist of overall stability, compression resistance of the column heads, arching of the embankment on the columns and settlements. This paper focuses on the compression resistance of the columns. The proper geotechnical design of deep mixed (deep stabilised) columns under road embankment requires good estimation of the stress-
strain behaviour of the columns and the surrounding soil under the embankment and traffic loading. Earlier Finnish design approaches relied on an even traffic load of 10 kN/m2 on the road surface. The dimensioning methods for column stabilised soil are also based on the idea of an even traffic load. Due to Eurocode recommendations a more realistic scenario is introduced, which remarkably increases the magnitude of the traffic loading. After deriving suitable material
properties and stiffness parameters for static and dynamic traffic loading, three-dimensional finite element calculations are performed to achieve better understanding of the mechanical interaction between the embankment, columns and soil under the new loading configuration. Even though more investigations are needed before delivering a final statement, the calculations show that, for the considered case in this paper, the new loading scenario has no relevant consequences on the design compared to the earlier design approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalRakenteiden Mekaniikka - Journal of Structural Mechanics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • soil stabilisation
  • finite-element modeling
  • dynamic load


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