1.56 µm and 1.93 µm synchronized mode-locked fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber

K. Y. Lau*, M. Z. Zulkifli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Ultrafast pulse with short duration ranging from picosecond to femtosecond has extensive industrial and scientific applications. The laser cavity generates this ultrafast pulse, however, was typically designed to emit the light at wavebands such as at approximately 1.5–1.6 µm or 1.9–2.0 µm. This could be limited by the bandgap of certain saturable absorber material to conduct ultra-broadband laser emission. Graphene, a 2D material with gapless band structure contributes to the optical resonant excitation to emit at any wavelength. The graphene was employed as the saturable absorber and positioned in a laser cavity consisting of both erbium and thulium-doped fiber laser. A synchronized mode-locked fiber laser was generated at a centre wavelength of 1563.5 nm and 1931.9 nm, giving a pulse duration of 700 fs and 1.77 ps at a constant pulse repetition rate of 12.905 MHz. The success of this work will provide a better insight by developing the optimum utilization of a saturable absorber in generating multiple mode-locked lasers with different yet far wavelength in near-infrared red region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103606
Number of pages6
JournalINFRARED PHYSICS AND TECHNOLOGY
Volume112
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Fiber laser
  • Graphene
  • Mode-locking
  • Saturable absorber
  • Ultrafast pulse

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