Project Details


This project brings together planning theory and jurisprudence to examine land use planning especially in the Finnish context. It starts from the recent planning-theoretical discourse where it has been typical to assume that democratisation of planning can be promoted via flexibility in regulation. This assumption has been concretised in Finland, as in many other countries, as creation of such spaces for local discretion that can be opened to local publics. Yet, there are several problems with the assumed connection between democracy and flexible regulation. The study explores empirically this relation, creating also an innovative theoretical framework for assessing this relation in the context of planning law. Finally, it provides suggestions as to how to enhance democracy in planning via flexible regulation. It produces input for the ongoing reform of Finnish Land Use and Building Act (132/1999), while contributing also to international planning and legal theoretical discourses.
Effective start/end date01/09/202031/08/2024

Collaborative partners

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being
  • SDG 10 - Reduced Inequalities
  • SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • SDG 15 - Life on Land
  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions


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