Tuomas Savolainen
  • Phone+358294424855 , +358503083696
  • Maarintie 8, Room 2147

    02150 Espoo

20012022

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  • 2022

    A decade of joint MOJAVE-Fermi AGN monitoring: localization of the gamma-ray emission region

    Kramarenko, I. G., Pushkarev, A. B., Kovalev, Y. Y., Lister, M. L., Hovatta, T. & Savolainen, T., Feb 2022, In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 510, 1, p. 469-480 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    1 Citation (Scopus)
    34 Downloads (Pure)
  • A Universal Power-law Prescription for Variability from Synthetic Images of Black Hole Accretion Flows

    Georgiev, B., Pesce, D. W., Broderick, A. E., Wong, G. N., Dhruv, V., Wielgus, M., Gammie, C. F., Chan, C. K., Chatterjee, K., Emami, R., Mizuno, Y., Gold, R., Fromm, C. M., Ricarte, A., Yoon, D., Joshi, A. V., Prather, B., Cruz-Osorio, A., Johnson, M. D., Porth, O. & 31 others, Olivares, H., Younsi, Z., Rezzolla, L., Vos, J., Qiu, R., Nathanail, A., Narayan, R., Chael, A., Anantua, R., Moscibrodzka, M., Akiyama, K., Alberdi, A., Alef, W., Algaba, J. C., Asada, K., Azulay, R., Bach, U., Baczko, A. K., Ball, D., Baloković, M., Barrett, J., Bauböck, M., Benson, B. A., Bintley, D., Blackburn, L., Blundell, R., Kim, D. J., Ramakrishnan, V., Savolainen, T., Wagner, J. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 1 May 2022, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 930, 2, p. 1-32 32 p., L20.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    5 Citations (Scopus)
  • Characterizing and Mitigating Intraday Variability: Reconstructing Source Structure in Accreting Black Holes with mm-VLBI

    Broderick, A. E., Gold, R., Georgiev, B., Pesce, D. W., Tiede, P., Ni, C., Moriyama, K., Akiyama, K., Alberdi, A., Alef, W., Algaba, J. C., Anantua, R., Asada, K., Azulay, R., Bach, U., Baczko, A. K., Ball, D., Baloković, M., Barrett, J., Bauböck, M. & 31 others, Benson, B. A., Bintley, D., Blackburn, L., Blundell, R., Bouman, K. L., Bower, G. C., Boyce, H., Bremer, M., Brinkerink, C. D., Brissenden, R., Britzen, S., Broguiere, D., Bronzwaer, T., Bustamante, S., Byun, D. Y., Carlstrom, J. E., Ceccobello, C., Chael, A., Chan, C. K., Chatterjee, K., Chatterjee, S., Chen, M. T., Chen, Y., Cheng, X., Cho, I., Christian, P., Kim, D. J., Ramakrishnan, V., Savolainen, T., Wagner, J. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 1 May 2022, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 930, 2, p. 1-30 30 p., L21.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    5 Citations (Scopus)
  • First Sagittarius A* Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole in the Center of the Milky Way

    Ramakrishnan, V., Savolainen, T. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 1 May 2022, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 930, 2, L12.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    7 Citations (Scopus)
  • First Sagittarius A* Event Horizon Telescope Results. II. EHT and Multiwavelength Observations, Data Processing, and Calibration

    Ramakrishnan, V., Savolainen, T. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 1 May 2022, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 930, 2, 31 p., L13.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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  • First Sagittarius A* Event Horizon Telescope Results. III. Imaging of the Galactic Center Supermassive Black Hole

    Ramakrishnan, V., Savolainen, T. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 1 May 2022, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 930, 2, L14.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
    1 Citation (Scopus)
  • First Sagittarius A* Event Horizon Telescope Results. IV. Variability, Morphology, and Black Hole Mass

    Ramakrishnan, V., Savolainen, T. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 1 May 2022, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 930, 2, L15.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    1 Citation (Scopus)
    1 Downloads (Pure)
  • First Sagittarius A* Event Horizon Telescope Results. V. Testing Astrophysical Models of the Galactic Center Black Hole

    Ramakrishnan, V., Savolainen, T. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 1 May 2022, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 930, 2, L16.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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  • First Sagittarius A* Event Horizon Telescope Results. VI. Testing the Black Hole Metric

    Ramakrishnan, V., Savolainen, T. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 1 May 2022, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 930, 2, L17.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    2 Citations (Scopus)
  • Impact of the image alignment over frequency for the VLBI Global Observing System

    Xu, M. H., Savolainen, T., Anderson, J. M., Kareinen, N., Zubko, N., Lunz, S. & Schuh, H., 1 Jul 2022, In: Astronomy & Astrophysics. 663, 10 p., 83.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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  • Millimeter Light Curves of Sagittarius A* Observed during the 2017 Event Horizon Telescope Campaign

    Wielgus, M., Marchili, N., Martí-Vidal, I., Keating, G. K., Ramakrishnan, V., Tiede, P., Fomalont, E., Issaoun, S., Neilsen, J., Nowak, M. A., Blackburn, L., Gammie, C. F., Goddi, C., Haggard, D., Lee, D., Moscibrodzka, M., Tetarenko, A. J., Bower, G. C., Chan, C. K., Chatterjee, K. & 31 others, Chesler, P. M., Dexter, J., Doeleman, S. S., Georgiev, B., Gurwell, M., Johnson, M. D., Marrone, D. P., Mus, A., Psaltis, D., Ripperda, B., Witzel, G., Akiyama, K., Alberdi, A., Alef, W., Algaba, J. C., Anantua, R., Asada, K., Azulay, R., Bach, U., Baczko, A. K., Ball, D., Baloković, M., Barrett, J., Bauböck, M., Benson, B. A., Bintley, D., Blundell, R., Kim, D. J., Savolainen, T., Wagner, J. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 1 May 2022, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 930, 2, p. 1-32 32 p., L19.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    5 Citations (Scopus)
  • Probing the Innermost Regions of AGN Jets and Their Magnetic Fields with RadioAstron. V. Space and Ground Millimeter-VLBI Imaging of OJ 287

    Gómez, J. L., Traianou, E., Krichbaum, T. P., Lobanov, A. P., Fuentes, A., Lico, R., Zhao, G-Y., Bruni, G., Kovalev, Y. Y., Lähteenmäki, A., Voitsik, P. A., Lisakov, M. M., Angelakis, E., Bach, U., Casadio, C., Cho, I., Dey, L., Gopakumar, A., Gurvits, L. I., Jorstad, S. & 10 others, Kovalev, Y. A., Lister, M. L., Marscher, A. P., Myserlis, I., Pushkarev, A. B., Ros, E., Savolainen, T., Tornikoski, M., Valtonen, M. J. & Zensus, A., Jan 2022, In: The Astrophysical Journal. 924, 2, 16 p., 122.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    4 Citations (Scopus)
    2 Downloads (Pure)
  • Selective Dynamical Imaging of Interferometric Data

    Farah, J., Galison, P., Akiyama, K., Bouman, K. L., Bower, G. C., Chael, A., Fuentes, A., Gómez, J. L., Honma, M., Johnson, M. D., Kofuji, Y., Marrone, D. P., Moriyama, K., Narayan, R., Pesce, D. W., Tiede, P., Wielgus, M., Zhao, G. Y., Alberdi, A., Alef, W. & 31 others, Algaba, J. C., Anantua, R., Asada, K., Azulay, R., Baczko, A. K., Ball, D., Baloković, M., Barrett, J., Benson, B. A., Bintley, D., Blackburn, L., Blundell, R., Boland, W., Boyce, H., Bremer, M., Brinkerink, C. D., Brissenden, R., Britzen, S., Broderick, A. E., Broguiere, D., Bronzwaer, T., Bustamente, S., Byun, D. Y., Carlstrom, J. E., Chan, C. K., Chatterjee, K., Kim, D. J., Ramakrishnan, V., Savolainen, T., Wagner, J. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 1 May 2022, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 930, 2, p. 1-21 21 p., L18.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    3 Citations (Scopus)
  • The science case and challenges of space-borne sub-millimeter interferometry

    Gurvits, L. I., Paragi, Z., Amils, R. I., van Bemmel, I., Boven, P., Casasola, V., Conway, J., Davelaar, J., Díez-González, M. C., Falcke, H., Fender, R., Frey, S., Fromm, C. M., Gallego-Puyol, J. D., García-Miró, C., Garrett, M. A., Giroletti, M., Goddi, C., Gómez, J. L., van der Gucht, J. & 34 others, Guirado, J. C., Haiman, Z., Helmich, F., Hudson, B., Humphreys, E., Impellizzeri, V., Janssen, M., Johnson, M. D., Kovalev, Y. Y., Kramer, M., Lindqvist, M., Linz, H., Liuzzo, E., Lobanov, A. P., López-Fernández, I., Malo-Gómez, I., Masania, K., Mizuno, Y., Plavin, A. V., Rajan, R. T., Rezzolla, L., Roelofs, F., Ros, E., Rygl, K. L. J., Savolainen, T., Schuster, K., Venturi, T., Verkouter, M., de Vicente, P., Visser, P. N. A. M., Wiedner, M. C., Wielgus, M., Wiik, K. & Zensus, J. A., Jul 2022, In: Acta astronautica. 196, p. 314-333 20 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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  • The Variability of the Black Hole Image in M87 at the Dynamical Timescale

    Satapathy, K., Psaltis, D., Ozel, F., Medeiros, L., Dougall, S. T., Chan, C-K., Wielgus, M., Prather, B. S., Wong, G. N., Gammie, C. F., Akiyama, K., Alberdi, A., Alef, W., Algaba, J. C., Anantua, R., Asada, K., Azulay, R., Baczko, A-K., Ball, D., Balokovic, M. & 217 others, Barrett, J., Benson, B. A., Bintley, D., Blackburn, L., Blundell, R., Boland, W., Bouman, K. L., Bower, G. C., Boyce, H., Bremer, M., Brinkerink, C. D., Brissenden, R., Britzen, S., Broderick, A. E., Broguiere, D., Bronzwaer, T., Bustamente, S., Byun, D-Y., Carlstrom, J. E., Chael, A., Chatterjee, K., Chatterjee, S., Chen, M-T., Chen, Y., Cho, I., Christian, P., Conway, J. E., Cordes, J. M., Crawford, T. M., Crew, G. B., Cruz-Osorio, A., Cui, Y., Davelaar, J., De Laurentis, M., Deane, R., Dempsey, J., Desvignes, G., Dexter, J., Doeleman, S. S., Eatough, R. P., Falcke, H., Farah, J., Fish, V. L., Fomalont, E., Ford, H. A., Fraga-Encinas, R., Friberg, P., Fromm, C. M., Fuentes, A., Galison, P., Garcia, R., Gentaz, O., Georgiev, B., Goddi, C., Gold, R., Gomez-Ruiz, A., Gomez, J. L., Gu, M., Gurwell, M., Hada, K., Haggard, D., Hecht, M. H., Hesper, R., Ho, P., Honma, M., Huang, C-W. L., Huang, L., Hughes, D. H., Ikeda, S., Inoue, M., Issaoun, S., James, D. J., Jannuzi, B. T., Janssen, M., Jeter, B., Jiang, W., Jimenez-Rosales, A., Johnson, M. D., Jorstad, S., Jung, T., Karami, M., Karuppusamy, R., Kawashima, T., Keating, G. K., Kettenis, M., Kim, D-J., Kim, J-Y., Kim, J., Kim, J., Kino, M., Koay, J. Y., Kofuji, Y., Koch, P. M., Koyama, S., Kramer, C., Kramer, M., Krichbaum, T. P., Kuo, C-Y., Lauer, T. R., Lee, S-S., Levis, A., Li, Y-R., Li, Z., Lindqvist, M., Lico, R., Lindahl, G., Liu, J., Liu, K., Liuzzo, E., Lo, W-P., Lobanov, A. P., Loinard, L., Lonsdale, C., Lu, R-S., MacDonald, N. R., Mao, J., Marchili, N., Markoff, S., Marrone, D. P., Marscher, A. P., Marti-Vidal, I., Matsushita, S., Matthews, L. D., Menten, K. M., Mizuno, I., Mizuno, Y., Moran, J. M., Moriyama, K., Moscibrodzka, M., Mueller, C., Mejias, A. M., Musoke, G., Nagai, H., Nagar, N. M., Nakamura, M., Narayan, R., Narayanan, G., Natarajan, I., Nathanail, A., Neilsen, J., Neri, R., Ni, C., Noutsos, A., Nowak, M. A., Okino, H., Olivares, H., Ortiz-Leon, G. N., Oyama, T., Palumbo, D. C. M., Park, J., Patel, N., Pen, U-L., Pesce, D. W., Pietu, V., Plambeck, R., PopStefanija, A., Porth, O., Potzl, F. M., Preciado-Lopez, J. A., Pu, H-Y., Ramakrishnan, V., Rao, R., Rawlings, M. G., Raymond, A. W., Rezzolla, L., Ripperda, B., Roelofs, F., Rogers, A., Ros, E., Rose, M., Roshanineshat, A., Rottmann, H., Roy, A. L., Ruszczyk, C., Rygl, K. L. J., Sanchez, S., Sanchez-Arguelles, D., Sasada, M., Savolainen, T., Schloerb, F. P., Schuster, K-F., Shao, L., Shen, Z., Small, D., Sohn, B. W., SooHoo, J., Sun, H., Tazaki, F., Tetarenko, A. J., Tiede, P., Tilanus, R. P. J., Titus, M., Toma, K., Torne, P., Traianou, E., Trent, T., Trippe, S., van Bemmel, I., van Langevelde, H. J., van Rossum, D. R., Wagner, J., Ward-Thompson, D., Wardle, J., Weintroub, J., Wex, N., Wharton, R., Wiik, K., Wu, Q., Yoon, D., Young, A., Young, K., Younsi, Z., Yuan, F., Yuan, Y-F., Zensus, J. A., Zhao, G-Y. & Zhao, S-S., 1 Jan 2022, In: The Astrophysical Journal. 925, 1, 19 p., 13.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    2 Citations (Scopus)
    42 Downloads (Pure)
  • Unraveling the Innermost Jet Structure of OJ 287 with the First GMVA + ALMA Observations

    Zhao, G. Y., Gómez, J. L., Fuentes, A., Krichbaum, T. P., Traianou, E., Lico, R., Cho, I., Ros, E., Komossa, S., Akiyama, K., Asada, K., Blackburn, L., Britzen, S., Bruni, G., Crew, G. B., Dahale, R., Dey, L., Gold, R., Gopakumar, A., Issaoun, S. & 16 others, Janssen, M., Jorstad, S., Kim, J. Y., Koay, J. Y., Kovalev, Y. Y., Koyama, S., Lobanov, A. P., Loinard, L., Lu, R. S., Markoff, S., Marscher, A. P., Martí-Vidal, I., Mizuno, Y., Park, J., Savolainen, T. & Toscano, T., 1 Jun 2022, In: The Astrophysical Journal. 932, 1, 72.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    1 Downloads (Pure)
  • Unravelling the Innermost Jet Structure of OJ 287 with the First GMVA+ALMA Observations

    Zhao, G-Y., Gomez, J. L., Fuentes, A., Krichbaum, T. P., Traianou, E., Lico, R., Cho, I., Ros, E., Komossa, S., Akiyama, K., Asada, K., Blackburn, L., Britzen, S., Bruni, G., Crew, G., Dahale, R., Dey, L., Gold, R., Gopakumar, A., Issaoun, S. & 16 others, Janssen, M., Jorstad, S. G., Kim, J-Y., Koay, J. Y., Kovalev, Y. Y., Koyama, S., Lobanov, A., Loinard, L., Lu, R., Markoff, S., Marscher, A. P., Marti-Vidal, I., Mizuno, Y., Park, J., Savolainen, T. & Toscano, T., 2022, (Accepted/In press) In: The Astrophysical Journal.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
  • 2021

    An Oversized Magnetic Sheath Wrapping around the Parsec-scale Jet in 3C 273

    Lisakov, M. M., Kravchenko, E. V., Pushkarev, A. B., Kovalev, Y. Y., Savolainen, T. K. & Lister, M. L., 20 Mar 2021, In: The Astrophysical Journal. 910, 1, 8 p., 35.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
    1 Citation (Scopus)
  • A transition from parabolic to conical shape as a common effect in nearby AGN jets

    Kovalev, Y. Y., Pushkarev, A. B., Nokhrina, E. E., Plavin, A. V., Beskin, V. S., Chernoglazov, A. V., Lister, M. L. & Savolainen, T., 2021, In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 495, 4, p. 3576-3591 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    31 Citations (Scopus)
    24 Downloads (Pure)
  • Broadband Multi-wavelength Properties of M87 during the 2017 Event Horizon Telescope Campaign

    Reynolds, M. T., Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, Fermi Large Area Telescope Collaboration, H.E.S.S. Collaboration, MAGIC Collaboration, VERITAS Collaboration & EAVN Collaboration, 10 Apr 2021, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 911, 1, L11.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    16 Citations (Scopus)
    71 Downloads (Pure)
  • Constraints on black-hole charges with the 2017 EHT observations of M87∗

    Kocherlakota, P., Rezzolla, L., Falcke, H., Fromm, C. M., Kramer, M., Mizuno, Y., Nathanail, A., Olivares, H., Younsi, Z., Akiyama, K., Alberdi, A., Alef, W., Algaba, J. C., Anantua, R., Asada, K., Azulay, R., Baczko, A. K., Ball, D., Baloković, M., Barrett, J. & 31 others, Benson, B. A., Bintley, D., Blackburn, L., Blundell, R., Boland, W., Bouman, K. L., Bower, G. C., Boyce, H., Bremer, M., Brinkerink, C. D., Brissenden, R., Britzen, S., Broderick, A. E., Broguiere, D., Bronzwaer, T., Byun, D. Y., Carlstrom, J. E., Chael, A., Chan, C. K., Chatterjee, S., Chatterjee, K., Chen, M. T., Chen, Y., Chesler, P. M., Cho, I., Christian, P., Kim, D. J., Ramakrishnan, V., Savolainen, T., Wagner, J. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 20 May 2021, In: Physical Review D. 103, 10, 18 p., 104047.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    31 Citations (Scopus)
    19 Downloads (Pure)
  • Event Horizon Telescope observations of the jet launching and collimation in Centaurus A

    Savolainen, T. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, Oct 2021, In: Nature Astronomy. 5, 10, p. 1017-1028 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    19 Citations (Scopus)
    14 Downloads (Pure)
  • Evidence of the Gaia-VLBI position differences being related to radio source structure

    Xu, M., Lunz, S., Anderson, J. M., Savolainen, T., Zubko, N. & Schuh, H., 1 Mar 2021, In: Astronomy & Astrophysics. 647, 13 p., A189.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    6 Citations (Scopus)
    38 Downloads (Pure)
  • First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. VII. Polarization of the Ring

    Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 20 Mar 2021, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 910, 1, 48 p., 12.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    60 Citations (Scopus)
    17 Downloads (Pure)
  • First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. VIII. Magnetic Field Structure near the Event Horizon

    Savolainen, T. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 20 Mar 2021, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 910, 1, 43 p., 13.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    72 Citations (Scopus)
    25 Downloads (Pure)
  • Geodetic data analysis of VGOS experiments

    Alef, W., Andalsvik, Y. L., Anderson, J. M., Bernhart, S., Bohm, J., Boumann, J., Choi, Y. K., Colomer, F., Engelhardt, G., Flohrer, C., Girdiuk, A., Gonzalez, J., Gruber, J. F., Haas, R., Hammargren, R., Hohlneicher, M., Jaron, F., Jenie, O. S., Kareinen, N., Lovhoiden, L. & 23 others, Martinez, E., Marti-Vidal, I., Melnikov, A., Mueskens, A., Neidhardt, A., Nothnagel, A., Petrov, L., Plotz, C., Rottmann, H., Savolainen, T., Schartner, M., Schuh, H., Schueler, T., Small, D., Szomoru, A., Thaller, D., Ullrich, DI., Varenius, E., Verkouter, H., De Vicente, P., Wagner, J., Xu, M. & Zubko, N., 28 Aug 2021.

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractScientificpeer-review

  • Imaging VGOS Observations and Investigating Source Structure Effects

    Xu, M. H., Savolainen, T., Zubko, N., Poutanen, M., Lunz, S., Schuh, H. & Wang, G. L., Apr 2021, In: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SOLID EARTH. 126, 4, 35 p., e2020JB021238.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    4 Citations (Scopus)
    17 Downloads (Pure)
  • MOJAVE. XIX. Brightness Temperatures and Intrinsic Properties of Blazar Jets

    Homan, D. C., Cohen, M. H., Hovatta, T., Kellermann, K., Kovalev, Y. Y., Lister, M. L., Popkov, A., Pushkarev, A. B., Ros, E. & Savolainen, T., 10 Dec 2021, In: The Astrophysical Journal. 923, 1, 23 p., 67.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)
  • Monitoring Of Jets in Active Galactic Nuclei with VLBA Experiments. XVIII. Kinematics and Inner Jet Evolution of Bright Radio-loud Active Galaxies

    Lister, M. L., Homan, D. C., Kellermann, K. I., Kovalev, Y. Y., Pushkarev, A. B., Ros, E. & Savolainen, T., 10 Dec 2021, In: The Astrophysical Journal. 923, 1, 19 p., 30.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
    6 Citations (Scopus)
  • Observing the Time Evolution of the Multicomponent Nucleus of 3C 84

    Punsly, B., Nagai, H., Savolainen, T. & Orienti, M., 16 Apr 2021, In: The Astrophysical Journal. 911, 1, 18 p., 19.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
    3 Citations (Scopus)
  • Polarimetric Properties of Event Horizon Telescope Targets from ALMA

    Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 20 Mar 2021, In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 910, 1, 54 p., 14.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    32 Citations (Scopus)
    101 Downloads (Pure)
  • Probing the innermost regions of AGN jets and their magnetic fields with RadioAstron: IV. The quasar 3C 345 at 18 cm: Magnetic field structure and brightness temperature

    Potzl, F. M., Lobanov, A. P., Ros, E., Gomez, J. L., Bruni, G., Bach, U., Fuentes, A., Gurvits, L. I., Jauncey, D. L., Kovalev, Y. Y., Kravchenko, E. V., Lisakov, M. M., Savolainen, T., Sokolovsky, K. V. & Zensus, J. A., 14 Apr 2021, In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 648, 10 p., A82.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    4 Citations (Scopus)
    20 Downloads (Pure)
  • RadioAstron reveals a spine-sheath jet structure in 3C 273

    Bruni, G., Gómez, J. L., Vega-García, L., Lobanov, A. P., Fuentes, A., Savolainen, T., Kovalev, Y. Y., Perucho, M., Martí, J. M., Anderson, J. M., Edwards, P. G., Gurvits, L. I., Lisakov, M. M., Pushkarev, A. B., Sokolovsky, K. V. & Zensus, J. A., 6 Oct 2021, In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 654, 9 p., 27.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    2 Citations (Scopus)
    13 Downloads (Pure)
  • Testing the magnetic flux paradigm for AGN radio loudness with a radio-intermediate quasar

    Chamani, W., Savolainen, T., Hada, K. & Xu, M. H., 3 Aug 2021, In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 652, 28 p., A14.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
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    3 Citations (Scopus)
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  • The Polarized Image of a Synchrotron-emitting Ring of Gas Orbiting a Black Hole

    Narayan, R., Palumbo, D. C. M., Johnson, M. D., Gelles, Z., Himwich, E., Chang, D. O., Ricarte, A., Dexter, J., Gammie, C. F., Chael, A. A., Akiyama, K., Alberdi, A., Alef, W., Algaba, J. C., Anantua, R., Asada, K., Azulay, R., Baczko, A. K., Ball, D., Baloković, M. & 218 others, Barrett, J., Benson, B. A., Bintley, D., Blackburn, L., Blundell, R., Boland, W., Bouman, K. L., Bower, G. C., Boyce, H., Bremer, M., Brinkerink, C. D., Brissenden, R., Britzen, S., Broderick, A. E., Broguiere, D., Bronzwaer, T., Byun, D. Y., Carlstrom, J. E., Chan, C. K., Chatterjee, S., Chatterjee, K., Chen, M. T., Chen, Y., Chesler, P. M., Cho, I., Christian, P., Conway, J. E., Cordes, J. M., Crawford, T. M., Crew, G. B., Cruz-Osorio, A., Cui, Y., Davelaar, J., De Laurentis, M., Deane, R., Dempsey, J., Desvignes, G., Doeleman, S. S., Eatough, R. P., Falcke, H., Farah, J., Fish, V. L., Fomalont, E., Ford, H. A., Fraga-Encinas, R., Friberg, P., Fromm, C. M., Fuentes, A., Galison, P., García, R., Gentaz, O., Georgiev, B., Goddi, C., Gold, R., Gómez, J. L., Gómez-Ruiz, A. I., Gu, M., Gurwell, M., Hada, K., Haggard, D., Hecht, M. H., Hesper, R., Ho, L. C., Ho, P., Honma, M., Huang, C. W. L., Huang, L., Hughes, D. H., Ikeda, S., Inoue, M., Issaoun, S., James, D. J., Jannuzi, B. T., Janssen, M., Jeter, B., Jiang, W., Jimenez-Rosales, A., Jorstad, S., Jung, T., Karami, M., Karuppusamy, R., Kawashima, T., Keating, G. K., Kettenis, M., Kim, D. J., Kim, J. Y., Kim, J., Kim, J., Kino, M., Koay, J. Y., Kofuji, Y., Koch, P. M., Koyama, S., Kramer, M., Kramer, C., Krichbaum, T. P., Kuo, C. Y., Lauer, T. R., Lee, S. S., Levis, A., Li, Y. R., Li, Z., Lindqvist, M., Lico, R., Lindahl, G., Liu, J., Liu, K., Liuzzo, E., Lo, W. P., Lobanov, A. P., Loinard, L., Lonsdale, C., Lu, R. S., Macdonald, N. R., Mao, J., Marchili, N., Markoff, S., Marrone, D. P., Marscher, A. P., Martí-Vidal, I., Matsushita, S., Matthews, L. D., Medeiros, L., Menten, K. M., Mizuno, I., Mizuno, Y., Moran, J. M., Moriyama, K., Moscibrodzka, M., Müller, C., Musoke, G., Mejías, A. M., Nagai, H., Nagar, N. M., Nakamura, M., Natarajan, I., Nathanail, A., Neilsen, J., Neri, R., Ni, C., Noutsos, A., Nowak, M. A., Okino, H., Olivares, H., Ortiz-León, G. N., Oyama, T., Özel, F., Park, J., Patel, N., Pen, U. L., Pesce, D. W., Piétu, V., Plambeck, R., Popstefanija, A., Porth, O., Pötzl, F. M., Prather, B., Preciado-López, J. A., Psaltis, D., Pu, H. Y., Ramakrishnan, V., Rao, R., Rawlings, M. G., Raymond, A. W., Rezzolla, L., Ripperda, B., Roelofs, F., Rogers, A., Ros, E., Rose, M., Roshanineshat, A., Rottmann, H., Roy, A. L., Ruszczyk, C., Rygl, K. L. J., Sánchez, S., Sánchez-Arguelles, D., Sasada, M., Savolainen, T., Schloerb, F. P., Schuster, K. F., Shao, L., Shen, Z., Small, D., Sohn, B. W., Soohoo, J., Sun, H., Tazaki, F., Tetarenko, A. J., Tiede, P., Tilanus, R. P. J., Titus, M., Toma, K., Torne, P., Trent, T., Traianou, E., Trippe, S., Van Bemmel, I., Van Langevelde, H. J., Van Rossum, D. R., Wagner, J., Ward-Thompson, D., Wardle, J., Weintroub, J., Wex, N., Wharton, R., Wielgus, M., Wong, G. N., Wu, Q., Yoon, D., Young, A., Young, K., Younsi, Z., Yuan, F., Yuan, Y. F., Zensus, J. A., Zhao, G. Y. & Zhao, S. S., 1 May 2021, In: The Astrophysical Journal. 912, 1, 26 p., 35.

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  • The science case and challenges of spaceborne sub-millimeter interferometry: the study case of TeraHertz Exploration and Zooming-in for Astrophysics (THEZA)

    Gurvits, L. I., Paragi, Z., Amils, R. I., van Bemmel, I., Boven, P., Casasola, V., Conway, J., Davelaar, J., Díez-González, M. C., Falcke, H., Fender, R., Frey, S., Fromm, C. M., Gallego-Puyol, J. D., García-Miró, C., Garrett, M. A., Giroletti, M., Goddi, C., Gómez, J. L., van der Gucht, J. & 34 others, Guirado, J. C., Haiman, Z., Helmich, F., Hudson, B., Humphreys, E., Impellizzeri, V., Janssen, M., Johnson, M. D., Kovalev, Y. Y., Kramer, M., Lindqvist, M., Linz, H., Liuzzo, E., Lobanov, A. P., López-Fernández, I., Malo-Gómez, I., Masania, K., Mizuno, Y., Plavin, A. V., Rajan, R. T., Rezzolla, L., Roelofs, F., Ros, E., Rygl, K. L. J., Savolainen, T., Schuster, K., Venturi, T., Verkouter, H., de Vicente, P., Visser, P. N. A. M., Wiedner, M. C., Wielgus, M., Wiik, K. & Zensus, J. A., 2021, IAF Symposium on Ongoing and Near Future Space Astronomy and Solar-System Science Missions 2021 - Held at the 72nd International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2021. International Astronautical Federation, IAF, 29 p. (Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress).

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  • THEZA: TeraHertz Exploration and Zooming-in for Astrophysics: An ESA Voyage 2050 White Paper

    Gurvits, L. I., Paragi, Z., Casasola, V., Conway, J., Davelaar, J., Falcke, H., Fender, R., Frey, S., Fromm, C. M., Garcia Miro, C., Garrett, M. A., Giroletti, M., Goddi, C., Gaomez, J-L., van der Gucht, J., Guirado, J. C., Haiman, Z., Helmich, F., Humphreys, E., Impellizzeri, V. & 15 others, Kramer, M., Lindqvist, M., Linz, H., Liuzzo, E., Lobanov, A. P., Mizuno, Y., Rezzolla, L., Roelofs, F., Ros, E., Rygl, K. L. J., Savolainen, T., Schuster, K., Venturi, T., Wiedner, M. & Zensus, J. A., Jun 2021, In: Experimental Astronomy. 51, 3, p. 559-594 36 p.

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  • 2020

    180° rotations in the polarization angle for blazars

    Cohen, M. H. & Savolainen, T., 21 Apr 2020, In: Astronomy & Astrophysics. 636, 11 p., A79.

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  • Active galactic nuclei imaging programs of the RadioAstron mission

    Bruni, G., Savolainen, T., Gómez, J. L., Lobanov, A. P. & Kovalev, Y. Y., 15 Jan 2020, In: Advances in Space Research. 65, 2, p. 712-719 8 p.

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  • A Decade of Multiwavelength Observations of the TeV Blazar 1ES 1215+303: Extreme Shift of the Synchrotron Peak Frequency and Long-term Optical–Gamma-Ray Flux Increase

    Ramazani, V. F., Hovatta, T., Savolainen, T., Lähteenmäki, A., Tornikoski, M., Fermi Large Area Telescope Collaboration & VERITAS Collaboration, 10 Mar 2020, In: The Astrophysical Journal. 891, 2, 25 p., 170.

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  • Detection statistics of the RadioAstron AGN survey

    Kovalev, Y. Y., Kardashev, N. S., Sokolovsky, K. V., Voitsik, P. A., An, T., Anderson, J. M., Andrianov, A. S., Avdeev, V. Y., Bartel, N., Bignall, H. E., Burgin, M. S., Edwards, P. G., Ellingsen, S. P., Frey, S., García-Miró, C., Gawroński, M. P., Ghigo, F. D., Ghosh, T., Giovannini, G., Girin, I. A. & 40 others, Giroletti, M., Gurvits, L. I., Jauncey, D. L., Horiuchi, S., Ivanov, D. V., Kharinov, M. A., Koay, J. Y., Kostenko, V. I., Kovalenko, A. V., Kovalev, Y. A., Kravchenko, E. V., Kunert-Bajraszewska, M., Kutkin, A. M., Likhachev, S. F., Lisakov, M. M., Litovchenko, I. D., McCallum, J. N., Melis, A., Melnikov, A. E., Migoni, C., Nair, D. G., Pashchenko, I. N., Phillips, C. J., Polatidis, A., Pushkarev, A. B., Quick, J. F. H., Rakhimov, I. A., Reynolds, C., Rizzo, J. R., Rudnitskiy, A. G., Savolainen, T., Shakhvorostova, N. N., Shatskaya, M. V., Shen, Z-Q., Shchurov, M. A., Vermeulen, R. C., de Vicente, P., Wolak, P., Zensus, J. A. & Zuga, V. A., 15 Jan 2020, In: Advances in Space Research. 65, 2, p. 705-711 7 p.

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  • Event Horizon Telescope imaging of the archetypal blazar 3C 279 at an extreme 20 microarcsecond resolution

    Kim, J. Y., Krichbaum, T. P., Broderick, A. E., Wielgus, M., Blackburn, L., Gómez, J. L., Johnson, M. D., Bouman, K. L., Chael, A., Akiyama, K., Jorstad, S., Marscher, A. P., Issaoun, S., Janssen, M., Chan, C. K., Savolainen, T., Pesce, D. W., Özel, F., Alberdi, A., Alef, W. & 331 others, Asada, K., Azulay, R., Baczko, A. K., Ball, D., Baloković, M., Barrett, J., Bintley, D., Boland, W., Bower, G. C., Bremer, M., Brinkerink, C. D., Brissenden, R., Britzen, S., Broguiere, D., Bronzwaer, T., Byun, D. Y., Carlstrom, J. E., Chatterjee, S., Chatterjee, K., Chen, M. T., Chen, Y., Cho, I., Christian, P., Conway, J. E., Cordes, J. M., Crew, G. B., Cui, Y., Davelaar, J., De Laurentis, M., Deane, R., Dempsey, J., Desvignes, G., Dexter, J., Doeleman, S. S., Eatough, R. P., Falcke, H., Fish, V. L., Fomalont, E., Fraga-Encinas, R., Friberg, P., Fromm, C. M., Galison, P., Gammie, C. F., García, R., Gentaz, O., Georgiev, B., Goddi, C., Gold, R., Gómez-Ruiz, A. I., Gu, M., Gurwell, M., Hada, K., Hecht, M. H., Hesper, R., Ho, L. C., Ho, P., Honma, M., Huang, C. W. L., Lei, H., Hughes, D. H., Ikeda, S., Inoue, M., James, D. J., Jannuzi, B. T., Jeter, B., Wu, J., Jimenez-Rosales, A., Jung, T., Karami, M., Karuppusamy, R., Kawashima, T., Keating, G. K., Kettenis, M., Kim, J., Kim, J., Kino, M., Koay, J. Y., Koch, P. M., Koyama, S., Kramer, M., Kramer, C., Kuo, C. Y., Lauer, T. R., Lee, S. S., Li, Y. R., Li, Z., Lindqvist, M., Lico, R., Kuo, L., Liuzzo, E., Lo, W. P., Lobanov, A. P., Loinard, L., Lonsdale, C., Lu, R. S., Macdonald, N. R., Mao, J., Markoff, S., Marrone, D. P., Martí-Vidal, I., Matsushita, S., Matthews, L. D., Medeiros, L., Menten, K. M., Mizuno, Y., Mizuno, I., Moran, J. M., Moriyama, K., Moscibrodzka, M., Musoke, G., Müller, C., Nagai, H., Nagar, N. M., Nakamura, M., Narayan, R., Narayanan, G., Natarajan, I., Neri, R., Ni, C., Noutsos, A., Okino, H., Olivares, H., Ortiz-León, G. N., Oyama, T., Palumbo, D. C. M., Park, J., Patel, N., Pen, U. L., Piétu, V., Plambeck, R., Popstefanija, A., Porth, O., Ben, P., Preciado-López, J. A., Psaltis, D., Pu, H. Y., Ramakrishnan, V., Rao, R., Rawlings, M. G., Raymond, A. W., Rezzolla, L., Ripperda, B., Roelofs, F., Rogers, A., Ros, E., Rose, M., Roshanineshat, A., Rottmann, H., Roy, A. L., Ruszczyk, C., Ryan, B. R., Rygl, K. L. J., Sánchez, S., Sánchez-Arguelles, D., Sasada, M., Schloerb, F. P., Schuster, K. F., Shao, L., Shen, Z., Small, D., Sohn, B. W., Soohoo, J., Tazaki, F., Tiede, P., Tilanus, R. P. J., Titus, M., Toma, K., Torne, P., Trent, T., Traianou, E., Trippe, S., Tsuda, S., Van Bemmel, I., Van Langevelde, H. J., Van Rossum, D. R., Jan, W., Wardle, J., Ward-Thompson, D., Weintroub, J., Wex, N., Wharton, R., Wong, G. N., Wu, Q., Yoon, D., Young, A., Young, K., Younsi, Z., Feng, Y., Yuan, Y. F., Zensus, J. A., Zhao, G., Zhao, S. S., Zhu, Z., Algaba, J. C., Allardi, A., Amestica, R., Anczarski, J., Bach, U., Baganoff, F. K., Beaudoin, C., Benson, B. A., Berthold, R., Blanchard, J. M., Blundell, R., Bustamente, S., Cappallo, R., Castillo-Domínguez, E., Chang, C. C., Chang, S. H., Chang, S. C., Chen, C. C., Chilson, R., Chuter, T. C., Rosado, R. C., Coulson, I. M., Crowley, J., Derome, M., Dexter, M., Dornbusch, S., Dudevoir, K. A., Dzib, S. A., Eckart, A., Eckert, C., Erickson, N. R., Everett, W. B., Faber, A., Farah, J. R., Fath, V., Folkers, T. W., Forbes, D. C., Freund, R., Gale, D. M., Feng, G., Geertsema, G., Graham, D. A., Greer, C. H., Grosslein, R., Gueth, F., Haggard, D., Halverson, N. W., Han, C. C., Han, K. C., Hao, J., Hasegawa, Y., Henning, J. W., Hernández-Gómez, A., Herrero-Illana, R., Heyminck, S., Hirota, A., Hoge, J., Huang, Y. D., Violette Impellizzeri, C. M., Jiang, H., John, D., Kamble, A., Keisler, R., Kimura, K., Kono, Y., Kubo, D., Kuroda, J., Lacasse, R., Laing, R. A., Leitch, E. M., Li, C. T., Lin, L. C. C., Liu, C. T., Liu, K. Y., Lu, L. M., Marson, R. G., Martin-Cocher, P. L., Massingill, K. D., Matulonis, C., Mccoll, M. P., Mcwhirter, S. R., Messias, H., Zheng, M. Z., Michalik, D., Montaña, A., Montgomerie, W., Mora-Klein, M., Muders, D., Nadolski, A., Navarro, S., Neilsen, J., Nguyen, C. H., Nishioka, H., Norton, T., Nowak, M. A., Nystrom, G., Ogawa, H., Oshiro, P., Parsons, H., Juan, P., Phillips, N. M., Poirier, M., Pradel, N., Primiani, R. A., Raffin, P. A., Rahlin, A. S., Reiland, G., Risacher, C., Ruiz, I., Sáez-Madaín, A. F., Sassella, R., Schellart, P., Shaw, P., Silva, K. M., Shiokawa, H., Smith, D. R., Snow, W., Souccar, K., Sousa, D., Sridharan, T. K., Srinivasan, R., Stahm, W., Stark, A. A., Story, K., Timmer, S. T., Vertatschitsch, L., Walther, C., Wei, T. S., Whitehorn, N., Whitney, A. R., Woody, D. P., Wouterloot, J. G. A., Wright, M., Yamaguchi, P., Yu, C. Y., Zeballos, M., Zhang, S. & Ziurys, L., 1 Aug 2020, In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 640, 21 p., 69.

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  • Gravitational Test beyond the First Post-Newtonian Order with the Shadow of the M87 Black Hole

    Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 1 Oct 2020, In: Physical Review Letters. 125, 14, 9 p., 141104.

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  • Joint XMM-Newton and NuSTAR observations of the reflection spectrum of III Zw 2

    Chamani, W., Koljonen, K. & Savolainen, T., 30 Mar 2020, In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 635, 11 p., A172.

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  • Monitoring the Morphology of M87* in 2009-2017 with the Event Horizon Telescope

    Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 20 Sep 2020, In: The Astrophysical Journal. 901, 1, 28 p., 67.

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  • Multiband RadioAstron space VLBI imaging of the jet in quasar S5 0836+710

    Vega-García, L., Lobanov, A. P., Perucho, M., Bruni, G., Ros, E., Anderson, J. M., Agudo, I., Davis, R., Gómez, J. L., Kovalev, Y. Y., Krichbaum, T. P., Lisakov, M. M., Savolainen, T., Schinzel, F. K. & Zensus, J. A., 1 Sep 2020, In: Astronomy & Astrophysics. 641, 16 p., A40.

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  • Probing the Innermost Regions of AGN Jets and Their Magnetic Fields with RadioAstron. III. Blazar S5 0716+71 at Microarcsecond Resolution

    Kravchenko, E. V., Gómez, J. L., Kovalev, Y. Y., Lobanov, A. P., Savolainen, T., Bruni, G., Fuentes, A., Anderson, J. M., Jorstad, S. G., Marscher, A. P., Tornikoski, M., Lähteenmäki, A. & Lisakov, M. M., 10 Apr 2020, In: The Astrophysical Journal. 893, 1, 12 p., 68.

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  • Studies of stationary features in jets: BL Lacertae: I. The dynamics and brightness asymmetry on sub-parsec scales

    Arshakian, T. G., Pushkarev, A. B., Lister, M. L. & Savolainen, T., 12 Aug 2020, In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 640, 16 p., A62.

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  • SYMBA: An end-to-end VLBI synthetic data generation pipeline: Simulating Event Horizon Telescope observations of M 87

    Ramakrishnan, V., Savolainen, T., Zhao, S. & Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration, 1 Apr 2020, In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 636, 19 p., 5.

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  • THEMIS: A Parameter Estimation Framework for the Event Horizon Telescope

    Broderick, A. E., Gold, R., Karami, M., Preciado-López, J. A., Tiede, P., Pu, H. Y., Akiyama, K., Alberdi, A., Alef, W., Asada, K., Azulay, R., Baczko, A. K., Baloković, M., Barrett, J., Bintley, D., Blackburn, L., Boland, W., Bouman, K. L., Bower, G. C., Bremer, M. & 172 others, Brinkerink, C. D., Brissenden, R., Britzen, S., Broguiere, D., Bronzwaer, T., Byun, D. Y., Carlstrom, J. E., Chael, A., Chatterjee, S., Chatterjee, K., Chen, M. T., Chen, Y., Cho, I., Conway, J. E., Cordes, J. M., Crew, G. B., Cui, Y., Davelaar, J., De Laurentis, M., Deane, R., Dempsey, J., Desvignes, G., Doeleman, S. S., Eatough, R. P., Falcke, H., Fish, V. L., Fomalont, E., Fraga-Encinas, R., Friberg, P., Fromm, C. M., Galison, P., Gammie, C. F., García, R., Gentaz, O., Georgiev, B., Goddi, C., Gómez, J. L., Gu, M., Gurwell, M., Hada, K., Hecht, M. H., Hesper, R., Ho, L. C., Ho, P., Honma, M., Huang, C. W. L., Huang, L., Hughes, D. H., Inoue, M., Issaoun, S., James, D. J., Janssen, M., Jeter, B., Jiang, W., Jiménez-Rosales, A., Johnson, M. D., Jorstad, S., Jung, T., Karuppusamy, R., Kawashima, T., Keating, G. K., Kettenis, M., Kim, J. Y., Kim, J., Kino, M., Koay, J. Y., Koch, P. M., Koyama, S., Kramer, M., Kramer, C., Krichbaum, T. P., Kuo, C. Y., Lee, S. S., Li, Y. R., Li, Z., Lindqvist, M., Lico, R., Liu, K., Liuzzo, E., Lo, W. P., Lobanov, A. P., Loinard, L., Lonsdale, C., Lu, R. S., MacDonald, N. R., Mao, J., Marscher, A. P., Martí-Vidal, I., Matsushita, S., Matthews, L. D., Menten, K. M., Mizuno, Y., Mizuno, I., Moran, J. M., Moriyama, K., Moscibrodzka, M., Müller, C., Nagai, H., Nagar, N. M., Nakamura, M., Narayan, R., Narayanan, G., Natarajan, I., Neri, R., Ni, C., Noutsos, A., Okino, H., Olivares, H., Ortiz-León, G. N., Oyama, T., Palumbo, D. C. M., Park, J., Pen, U. L., Pesce, D. W., Piétu, V., Plambeck, R., Popstefanija, A., Porth, O., Prather, B., Ramakrishnan, V., Rao, R., Rawlings, M. G., Rezzolla, L., Ripperda, B., Roelofs, F., Rogers, A., Ros, E., Rose, M., Rottmann, H., Ruszczyk, C., Ryan, B. R., Rygl, K. L. J., Sánchez, S., Sánchez-Arguelles, D., Sasada, M., Savolainen, T., Schloerb, F. P., Schuster, K. F., Shao, L., Shen, Z., Small, D., Sohn, B. W., Soohoo, J., Tazaki, F., Tilanus, R. P. J., Titus, M., Toma, K., Torne, P., Traianou, E., Trippe, S., Tsuda, S., Van Bemmel, I., Van Langevelde, H. J., Van Rossum, D. R., Wagner, J., Wardle, J., Weintroub, J., Wex, N., Wharton, R., Wielgus, M., Wong, G. N., Wu, Q., Yoon, D., Young, A., Young, K., Younsi, Z., Yuan, F., Yuan, Y. F., Zensus, J. A., Zhao, G., Zhao, S. S. & Zhu, Z., 10 Jul 2020, In: The Astrophysical Journal. 897, 2, 38 p., 139.

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