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2019

Influence of calcium aluminate flux on reoxidation behaviour of molten steel during continuous casting process

Kim, T. S., Holappa, L. & Park, J. H., 2019, In : Ironmaking and Steelmaking.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2018

Scrap Melting Model for Steel Converter founded on Interfacial Solid/Liquid Phenomena

Kruskopf, A. & Holappa, L., Dec 2018, In : Metallurgical Research & Technology. 115, 2, 7 p., 201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
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169 Downloads (Pure)
2017

Effect of Rice Husk Ash Insulation Powder on the Reoxidation Behavior of Molten Steel in Continuous Casting Tundish

Kim, T. S., Chung, Y., Holappa, L. & Park, J. H., 1 Jun 2017, In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science. 48, 3, p. 1736-1747 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Improving Cleanliness of 16MnCrS5 Case Hardening Steels by Optimized Active Tundish Flux

Kekkonen, M., Holappa, L. & Leuverink, D., 4 Jul 2017, In : Steel Research International. 88, 7, 7 p., 1600364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
2 Citations (Scopus)

Recent achievements in iron and steel technology

Holappa, L., 2017, In : Journal of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy. 52, 2, p. 159-167 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
4 Citations (Scopus)
2016

Slag formation - thermodynamic aspects and experimental observations

Holappa, L. & Kaçar, Y., 2016, In : JOURNAL FOR MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND PRODUCTION. 16, 4, p. 227-232 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Studies on Interfacial Phenomena in Titanium Carbide/Liquid Steel Systems for Development of Functionally Graded Material

Kiviö, M., Holappa, L., Louhenkilpi, S., Nakamoto, M. & Tanaka, T., Aug 2016, In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science. 47, 4, p. 2114–2122 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
2014

Interfacial Phenomena in Fe/Stainless SteelTiC Systems and the Effect of Mo

Kiviö, M., Holappa, L., Takeshi, Y. & Toshihiro, T., 2014, In : HIGH TEMPERATURE MATERIALS AND PROCESSES. 33, 6, p. 571-584

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
2013

Active Tundish Slag

Holappa, L., Kekkonen, M., Louhenkilpi, S., Hagemann, R., Schröder, C. & Scheller, P., 2013, In : Steel Research International. 84, 7, p. 638-648

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Optimization of Intensified Silicon Deoxidation

Nurmi, S., Louhenkilpi, S. & Holappa, L., 2013, In : Steel Research International. 84, 4, p. 323-327

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
2012
34 Citations (Scopus)

Composition Dependence of Viscosity in Binary Silicate Melts Using Double Exponential Function

Nakamoto, M., Tanaka, T., Holappa, L. & Yamamoto, T., 2012, In : ISIJ International. 52, 10, p. 1902-1908

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Interfacial Phenomen in Fe-TiC Systems and the Effect of Cr and Ni

Kiviö, M., Holappa, L., Yoshikawa, T. & Tanaka, T., 2012, In : HIGH TEMPERATURE MATERIALS AND PROCESSES. 31, 4-5, p. 645-656

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
2011

Study of the magnetic properties of the mixed oxide Fe2O3Fe2(MoO4)3 in the temperature range 2300 K with different compositions

Kersen, Û., Menzel, D. & Holappa, L., 2011, In : INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA. 368, 1, p. 96-100

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
9 Citations (Scopus)
2010

Addition of Dispersoid Titanium Oxide Inclusions in Steel and Their Influence on Grain Refinement

Holappa, L., Iung, T. & Kiviö, M., 2010, In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science. 41, 6, p. 1194-1204

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Novel multiphase equilibrium method using a Na2O-SiO2 Droplet

Nakamoto, M., Liukkonen, M., Friman, M., Heikinheimo, E., Hämäläinen, M., Holappa, L. & Yamamoto, T., 2010, In : Scripta Materialia. 62, 11, p. 871-874

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

On Physico-Chemical and Technical Limits in Clean Steel production

Holappa, L., 2010, In : Steel Research International. 81, 10, p. 869-874

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Towards sustainability in ferroalloy production

Holappa, L., 2010, In : The Journal of The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. 110, 12, p. 703-710

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Transformation of Alumina Inclusions by Calcium Treatment

Lind, M. & Holappa, L., Apr 2010, In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science. 41, 2, p. 359-366 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)
2009

Kuonan roolista teräksen valmistuksessa

Holappa, L., 2009, In : MATERIA. 3, p. 47-51

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Melting behavior of Sn-Bi alloy powder compacts observed using optical dilatometry

Nakamoto, M., Heikinheimo, E., Kekkonen, M., Friman, M. & Holappa, L., 2009, In : International Journal of Materials Research. 100, 5, p. 677-683

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Role of slags in steel refining: is it really understood and fully exploited

Holappa, L., Nurmi, S. & Louhenkilpi, S., 2009, In : Revue de Métallurgie. 106, 1, p. 9-20

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Thermodynamic evaluation of inclusions formation and behaviour in steels during casting and solidification

Nurmi, S., Louhenkilpi, S. & Holappa, L., 2009, In : Steel Research International. 80, 6, p. 436-440

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
2008

Measurement of surface tension of solid Cu by improved multiphase equilibrium

Nakamoto, M., Liukkonen, M., Friman, M., Heikinheimo, E., Hämäläinen, M. & Holappa, L., 2008, In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science. 39, 4, p. 570-580

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Surface characterization and the gas response of a mixed, Fe2O3-Fe2(MoO4)3, oxide to low concentrations of H2S in air

Kersen, Ü. & Holappa, L., 2008, In : ELECTROANALYSIS. 20, 22, p. 2442-2446

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
2007

A model for estimating viscosities of aluminosilicate melts containing alkali oxides

Nakamoto, M., Miyabayashi, Y., Holappa, L. & Tanaka, T., 2007, In : ISIJ International. 47, 10, p. 1409-1415

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Estimation of Surface Tension of Molten Silicates Using Neural Network Computation

Nakamoto, M., Hanao, M., Tanaka, T., Kawamoto, M., Holappa, L. & Hämäläinen, M., 2007, In : ISIJ International. 47, 8, p. 1075-1081

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Evaluation of surface tension of molten silicate by using neural network computation

Nakamoto, M., Hanao, M., Tanaka, T., Holappa, L. & Hämäläinen, M., 2007, In : ISIJ International.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Evaluation of the Surface Tension of Ternary Silicate Melts Containing Al2O3, CaO, FeO, MgO or MnO

Nakamoto, M., Kiyose, A., Tanaka, T., Holappa, L. & Hämäläinen, M., 2007, In : ISIJ International. 47, 1, p. 38-43

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)

Experimental study and modelling of viscosity of chromium containing slags

Forsbacka, L., Holappa, L., Kondratiev, A. & Jak, E., 2007, In : Steel Research International. 78, 9, p. 676-684

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Surface Tension Evaluation of Molten Silicates Containing Surface-active Components (B2O3, CaF2 or Na2O)

Nakamoto, M., Tanaka, T., Holappa, L. & Hämäläinen, M., 2007, In : ISIJ International. 47, 2, p. 211-216

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Unusual Wetting of Liqiud Bismuth on a Surface-Porous Copper Substrate Fabricated by Oxidation-Reduction Process

Nobuyuki, T., Takeshi, Y., Toshihiro, T. & Holappa, L., 2007, In : Materials Transactions. 48, 10, p. 3126-3131

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Wettability of Liquid In and Bi on Flat and Porous Solid Iron Substrate

Nobuyuki, T., Takeshi, Y., Toshihiro, T. & Holappa, L., 2007, In : Materials Transactions. 48, 10, p. 2708-2711

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
2006

H2S-sensing properties of SnO2 produced by ball milling and different chemical reactions

Kersen, Ü. & Holappa, L., 2006, In : Analytica Chimica Acta. 562, p. 110-114

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Investment Evaluation of an Integrated Steel Mill Using Multiple Criteria

Kekkonen, M., Tuomaala, M., Holappa, L. & Ahtila, P., 2006, In : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREEN ENERGY. 3, 2, p. 149-158

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Investment Evaluation of an Integrated Steel Mill Using Multiple Criteria

Kekkonen, M., Tuomaala, M., Holappa, L. & Ahtila, P., 2006, In : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREEN ENERGY. 3, 2, p. 149-158

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Mass spectrometric measurements of the gas phase composition over mould powder samples in vacuum conditions at 50-1550 C

Shilov, A. & Holappa, L., 2006, In : Steel Research International. 77, 11, p. 803-808

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Measuring and modeling of viscosity and surface properties in high temperature systems

Holappa, L., Forsbacka, L. & Han, Z., 2006, In : ISIJ International. 46, 3, p. 394-399

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Mechanism and kinetics of transformation of alumina inclusions by calcium treatment

Han, Z. J., Liu, L., Lind, M. & Holappa, L., 2006, In : ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA. 19, 1, p. 1-8

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Simulation of Microstructure of As-cast Steel in Continuous Casting

Louhenkilpi, S., Miettinen, J. & Holappa, L., 2006, In : ISIJ International. 46, 6, p. 914-920

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)
18 Citations (Scopus)
2005

Glimmers of research in metallurgy

Holappa, L., 2005, In : Scandinavian Journal of Metallurgy. 34, p. 1-13

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Inadvertent Melting of Radioactive Sources in BOF or EAF: Distribution of Nuclides, Monitoring, Prevention

Neuschütz, D., Spirin, D., Quade, U., Meier-Kortwig, J., Holappa, L., Hämäläinen, M., Heredia Lozano, M. A. & Guio Bonany, M. J., 2005, In : ISIJ International. 45, 2, p. 288-295

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Oxidation State of Titanium in CaO-SiO2-TiOx Slags at 1873K

Ariyo, C., Gonzales, P. & Holappa, L., 2005, In : Steel Research International. 76, 4, p. 286-289

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Radioactive sources in the steelmaking process, Final Report

Neuschutz, D., Spirin, D., Holappa, L., Hämäläinen, M., Heredia Lozano, M. A., Guio Bonany, M. J., Rivas Ordonez, O., Quade, U., Meier-Kortwig, K. R. & Dyllong, N., 2005, In : European Commission. p. 1-98

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

2004

Developments in online surface and internal quality forecasting of continuously cast semis

Normanton, A. S., Barber, B., Bell, A., Spaccarotella, A., Holappa, L., Laine, J., Peters, H., Link, N., Ors, F., Lopez, A. & Laraudogoitia, J. J., 2004, In : Ironmaking and Steelmaking. 31, 5, p. 376-382

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

From megaplants to mini-mills - a trend in steelmaking - a prospect for papermaking

Johansson, A. & Holappa, L., 2004, In : Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 40, p. 173-183

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Slags in ferroalloys production - review of present knowledge

Holappa, L. & Xiao, Y., 2004, In : SAIMM; Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. 104, 7, p. 429-437

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)