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Research Output

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2014

Converter Steelmaking

Jalkanen, H. & Holappa, L., 2014, Treatise on Process Metallurgy. Elsevier Ltd., Vol. 3. p. 223-270 48 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Inclusion Engineering

Holappa, L. & Wijk, O., 2014, Treatise on Process Metallurgy. Elsevier Ltd., Vol. 3. p. 347-372 26 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Ironmaking

Yang, Y., Raipala, K. & Holappa, L., 2014, Treatise on Process Metallurgy. Elsevier Ltd., Vol. 3. p. 2-88 87 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Secondary Steelmaking

Holappa, L., 2014, Treatise on Process Metallurgy. Elsevier Ltd., Vol. 3. p. 301-345 45 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
2013

Basics of Ferroalloys

Holappa, L., 2013, Handbook of Ferroalloys: Theory and Technology. Gasik, M. (ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier Ltd., p. 9-28

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
2008

Inclusion engineering and clean steel production.Steel and Casting Research Group

Holappa, L., 2008, Research & Development. Tata Steel Jamshedpur, p. 120

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Teräksen valmistuksen viimeaikainen kehitys ja tulevaisuuden haasteet

Holappa, L., 2008, Moderni teräksen valmistus. Oulu, p. 24

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

2007

Energy in industry an essential input to production, Metal industry

Holappa, L. & Kekkonen, M., 2007, Energy Use Visions and Technology Opportunities in Finland, VTT Energy, 2007. Espoo, p. 140-143

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Energy in industry an essential input to production: Metal industry

Holappa, L. & Kekkonen, M., 2007, Energy Use Visions and Technology Opportunities in Finland, 4.4 Technology development.VTT Energy, 2007. Espoo, p. 105-107

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Industry

Viinikainen, S., Manninen, J., Hakala, J., Ikonen, E., Pekkanen, T., Edelman, K., Holappa, L. & Roschier, A., 2007, Energy Use. Soimakallio, S. & Lind, I. (eds.). Helsinki: EDITA PUBLISHING OY, p. 95-151

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Promising new process technologies - the metal industry

Holappa, L. & Kekkonen, M., 2007, Energy Use Visions and Technology Opportunities in Finland, 4.4 Technology development.VTT Energy, 2007.. Espoo, p. 140-143

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

2005

Radioactive sources in the steelmaking process - Simulation of the distribution of radioactivity having accidentally entered into a steelmaking shop

Neuschütz, D., Spirin, D., Heredia Lozano, M. A., Guio Bonany, M. J., Ordonez, R. O., Holappa, L., Hämäläinen, M., Quade, U., Meier-Kortwig, J., Kreh, R. & Dyllong, N., 2005, Radioactive sources in the steelmaking process - Simulation of the distribution of radioactivity having accidentally entered into a steelmaking shop. European Commission, U. G. . . R. F. F. C. (ed.). Brussels, p. 61-82

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

2003

Improvement of casting fluxes and slags by minimisation of environment - polluting and corrosive constituents (fluorine, alkali components)

Janke, D., Schulz, T., Tonelli, M., Cimarelli, T., Holappa, L., Shilov, A., Havette, E., Viguet-Carrin, C., Valentin, P. & Bruch, C., 2003, Improvement of casting fluxes and slags by minimisation of environment - polluting and corrosive constituents (fluorine, alkali components). Janke, D. E. A. (ed.). Brussels: European Commission, technical steel research, casting and solidification, p. 59-86

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

2002

Application of surface and internal quality forecasting and casting engineering monitoring to the online prediction of continuously cast semis

Barber, B., Short, M., Bell, A., Spaccarotella, A., Holappa, L., Laine, J., Laraudogoitia, J. J., Lopez, A., Ors, F., Peters, H. & Link, N., 2002, European Commission technical steel research, Casting and solidification. European Commission, D-G. F. R. (ed.). Brussels, p. 1-207

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Katsaus teräksen valmistuksen historiaan

Holappa, L., 2002, Konvertteri ja sähköuunimetallurgia 26.-27.11.2002. Oulu: POHTO

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Konvertteri- ja sähköuuniprosessien teoriaa

Jalkanen, H. & Holappa, L., 2002, Konvertteri ja sähköuunimetallurgia 26.-27.11.2002. Vuorimiesyhdistys, POHTO. (ed.). Oulu: POHTO

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

2001

Control of ejections caused by bubble bursting in secondary steelmaking processes

Holappa, L. & Han, Z., 2001, Control of ejections caused by bubble bursting in secondary steelmaking processes. Commission, E. (ed.). Brussels, p. 12-77

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

1999

An investigation of splash formation due to bubble bursting in secondary steelmaking processes

Morton, D., Han, Z. & Holappa, L., 1999, Scanmet I. L.Järlebro, J-O. W. (ed.). Luleå: MEFOS, p. 275-290

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Low Reoxidation Tundish Metallurgy at koverhar Steel Plant

Manninen, V., Lano, T. & Holappa, L., 1999, Scanmet I. L.Järlebro, J-O. W. (ed.). Luleå: MEFOS, p. 349-365

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Physicochemical aspects of FeCr production

Holappa, L., Kekkonen, M. & Xiao, Y., 1999, Scanmet I. L.Järlebro, J-O. W. (ed.). Luleå: MEFOS

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

1998

Chemistry of Chromium Bearing Processes

Kekkonen, M. & Holappa, L., 1998, Technology Programme SULA 2 Energy in Steel and Base Metal Production, Final Report. Hakulin, H. (ed.). Helsinki: Association of Finnish Steel and Metal producers, TEKES, p. 143-150

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

New Technologies and Raw Materials for Iron and Steelmaking

Holappa, L., 1998, Technology Programme SULA 2, Energy in Steel and Base Me. Hakulin, H. (ed.). Helsinki: Association of Finnish Steel and Metal producers, TEKES, p. 15-20

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Post Combustion in Converter Process

Rautell, T. & Holappa, L., 1998, Technology Programme SULA 2, Energy in Steel and base Metal Production, Final Report. Hakulin, H. (ed.). Helsinki: Association of Finnish Steel and Metal Producers, p. 127

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

1997

Brief report on thermodynamics of chromium slags and kinetic modelling of chromite reduction (1995-96)

Xiao, Y. & Holappa, L., 1997, SULA 2, Perusmetallien energiataloudellinen valmistus, Vuosikirja 1996. Hakulin, H. (ed.). Helsinki: Suomen Teräksen- ja Metallintuottajien Yhdistys, p. 443-461

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Ferrokromin ja jaloteräksen valmistus

Holappa, L., 1997, SULA 2, Perusmetallien energiatalouden valmistus, Vuosikirja 1996. Hakulin, H. (ed.). Helsinki: Suomen Teräksen- ja Metallintuottajien Yhdistys, p. 41-52

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Kuonan kuohuminen

Toivonen, P. & Holappa, L., 1997, Pintailmiöt metallurgiassa. Oulu: POHTO

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Romun korvaamismahdollisuudet vaihtoehtoisilla raaka-aineilla Suomen terästeollisuudessa

Holappa, L. & Lassila, I., 1997, SULA 2, Perusmetallien energiataloudellinen valmistus, Vuosikirja 1996. Hakulin, H. (ed.). Helsinki: Suomen Teräksen- ja Metallintuottajien Yhdistys, p. 165-171

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Thermodynamics and kinetics of gas-solid reactions in chromite reduction

Xiao, Y. & Holappa, L., 1997, Solid-Solid and Gas-Solid Reactions, Postgraduate seminar. Heikinheimo, E. & Palmu, L. (eds.). Espoo: Teknillinen korkeakoulu, p. V/1-10

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Vuorimiehiä ja vuoriteollisuutta

Holappa, L., 1997, Vuorimieskilta 1947-1997. Muranen, A., Kujala, A., Haapala, J., Kärki, J., Tuominen, R. & Pesonen, S. (eds.). Espoo: TKY/Vuorimieskilta , p. 7-16

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

1992

Prediction of solute microsegregation

Miettinen, J. & Holappa, L., 1992, Examples of European Expertise in the Computer Simulation of Solidification. Lacaze, J. T., Cross, M. & Rappaz, G. (eds.).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Real-time simulation of heat transfer in continuous and strip casting

Louhenkilpi, S. & Holappa, L., 1992, Examples of European expertise in the Computer Simulation of Solidification and Casting. Lacaze, J. T., Cross, M. & Rappaz, G. (eds.).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review