If you made any changes in Pure these will be visible here soon.

Research Output

1998

The influence of post combustion on converting gases and scrap melting

Rautell, T. & Holappa, L., 1998, Tukholma, p. 36, (Jernkontorets forskning TO 21-111; no. 2151/97).

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Vuorimieskilta 50 vuotta

Holappa, L., 1998, In : Vuoriteollisuus. 1, p. 17-19

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

1997

Activities in CaO-SiO2-CrOx Slag System at 1600 °C

Xiao, Y. & Holappa, L., 1997, 5th International Conference on Molten Slags, Fluxes and Salts '97, Sydney, Australia, January 5-8, 1997. Warrendale, U.S.A.: The Iron and Steel Society, p. 69-74

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

A kinetic model for non-equilibrium interfaxial solute partitioning in rapid crystallization

Wang, S. & Holappa, L., 1997, The 4th Decennial International Conference on Solidification Processing, Sheffield, UK, 7-10 July 1997. Beech, J. & Jones, H. (eds.). Sheffield, UK: The Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, p. 595-598

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

A Knudsen Effusion High Temperature Assembly for a Quadrupole OMG-420 Mass Spectrometer

Shilov, A. L., Holappa, L. & Stolyarova, V. L., 1997, In : Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. 11, p. 1425-1429

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

An introductory report on the Middle East metal industry

Iqbal, A. & Holappa, L., 1997, Espoo, p. 183, (Teknillisen korkeakoulun materiaalitekniikan ja metallurgian julkaisuja; no. TKK-MK-18).

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Brief report on thermodynamics of chromium slags and kinetic modelling of chromite reduction (1995-96)

Xiao, Y. & Holappa, L., 1997, SULA 2, Perusmetallien energiataloudellinen valmistus, Vuosikirja 1996. Hakulin, H. (ed.). Helsinki: Suomen Teräksen- ja Metallintuottajien Yhdistys, p. 443-461

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Ferrokromin ja jaloteräksen valmistus

Holappa, L., 1997, SULA 2, Perusmetallien energiatalouden valmistus, Vuosikirja 1996. Hakulin, H. (ed.). Helsinki: Suomen Teräksen- ja Metallintuottajien Yhdistys, p. 41-52

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

High Temperature Mass Spetrometric Study of Cu-Mg Alloys

Shilov, A., Holappa, L. & Stolyarova, V. L., 1997, Helsinki, p. 266, (14th International Mass Spectrometry Conference, Tampere, August 25-29, 1997).

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Interfacial Energy between CaO-SiO2-Al2O3 Slag and Iron in Equilibrium and Reaction Conditions

Liukkonen, M., Holappa, L. & Mu, D., 1997, 5th International Conference on Molten Slags, Fluxes and Salts '97, Sydney, Australia, January 5-7, 1997. Warrendale, U.S.A.: The Iron and Steel Society

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Jälkipalamisen vaikutus konvertterin savukaasuihin ja romunsulatukseen

Rautell, T. & Holappa, L., 1997, Espoo, p. 53, (Teknillisen korkeakoulun materiaalitekniikan ja metallurgian julkaisuja; no. TKK-MK-28).

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Katsaus savukaasujen analysointimenetelmiin

Rautell, T. & Holappa, L., 1997, Espoo, p. 43, (Teknillisen korkeakoulun materiaalitekniikan ja metallurgian julkaisuja; no. TKK-V-C148).

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Kuonan kuohuminen

Toivonen, P. & Holappa, L., 1997, Pintailmiöt metallurgiassa. Oulu: POHTO

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Mathematical modelling of heat transfer and solidification in brass upcasting

Härkki, K., Miettinen, J. & Holappa, L., 1997, Conference on Numerical Methods for Thermal Problems, Swansea, UK, July 21-25, 1997.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Matkaraportti

Liukkonen, M. & Holappa, L., 1997, Espoo, p. 53, (Teknillisen korkeakoulun materiaalitekniikan ja metallurgian julkaisuja; no. TKK-MK-2).

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Pintailmiöt sulametallurgisissa prosesseissa

Liukkonen, M. & Holappa, L., 1997, Pintailmiöt metallurgiassa. Oulu: POHTO

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Post combustion in converter steelmaking

Oghbasilasie, H. & Holappa, L., 1997, Espoo, p. 53, (Teknillisen korkeakoulun materiaalitekniikan ja metallurgian julkaisuja; no. TKK-V-B128).

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Romun korvaamismahdollisuudet vaihtoehtoisilla raaka-aineilla Suomen terästeollisuudessa

Holappa, L. & Lassila, I., 1997, SULA 2, Perusmetallien energiataloudellinen valmistus, Vuosikirja 1996. Hakulin, H. (ed.). Helsinki: Suomen Teräksen- ja Metallintuottajien Yhdistys, p. 165-171

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Statistical outlook of the mine and metals production, consumption and trade in the Middle East

Iqbal, A. & Holappa, L., 1997, Espoo, p. 121, (Teknillisen korkeakoulun materiaalitekniikan ja metallurgian julkaisuja; no. TKK-MK-26).

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Thermal analysis of copper rod upcasting mold

Härkki, K. & Holappa, L., 1997, 4th International Colloquim on Process Simulation, HUT, June 11-13, 1997. Espoo: HUT, Department of Materials Science and Rock Engineering, Laboratory of Materials Processing and Powder Metallurgy, p. 139-152

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Thermodynamics and kinetics of gas-solid reactions in chromite reduction

Xiao, Y. & Holappa, L., 1997, Solid-Solid and Gas-Solid Reactions, Postgraduate seminar. Heikinheimo, E. & Palmu, L. (eds.). Espoo: Teknillinen korkeakoulu, p. V/1-10

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Vuorimiehiä ja vuoriteollisuutta

Holappa, L., 1997, Vuorimieskilta 1947-1997. Muranen, A., Kujala, A., Haapala, J., Kärki, J., Tuominen, R. & Pesonen, S. (eds.). Espoo: TKY/Vuorimieskilta , p. 7-16

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

1996

Coupled simulation of heat transfer and phase transformations in continuous casting of steel

Miettinen, J., Louhenkilpi, S. & Holappa, L., 1996, The First Internationl Congress on Science and Technology of Steelmaking, Chiba, Japan, April 22-24, 1996.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Desoxidation - reoxidation

Holappa, L., 1996, Process- och kvalitetsstyrning, Tukholma, 3.12.1996. Brunner, H. (ed.). Tukholma: JERNKONTORET

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Development of mould materials for die casting of magnesium

Toivonen, P. & Holappa, L., 1996, Espoo, p. 68.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Immobilisierung von Schwermetallen in Bodenreinigungsruckständen durch ein Schmelzverfahren

Dalmijn, W. L., Felix, R. A., Voutilainen, P., Holappa, L. & Karlemo, B., 1996, In : Entsorgungs Praxis. 1/2, p. 18-21

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Inclusion Control - Key to Mastering Properties of High Performance Steels

Holappa, L. & Väinölä, R., 1996, XLVII. Berg- und Huttenmännischer Tag, Technische Universität, Bergakademie Freiberg, 20-21.6.1996. Janke, D., Lehnert, W. & Peisker, D. (eds.). Freiberg, p. 26-34

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Romun korvausmahdollisuudet vaihtoehtoisilla raaka-aineilla Suomen terästeollisuudessa

Lassila, I. & Holappa, L., 1996, Espoo, p. 47.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Secondary metallurgy development program.Final report

Seppälä, T. & Holappa, L., 1996, Stockholm, p. 75.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Thermodynamic properties of chromium bearing slags and minerals

Xiao, Y. & Holappa, L., 1996, Espoo, p. 52.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Thermodynamics and kinetics of gas solid reactions: Chromite reduction as an example

Xiao, Y. & Holappa, L., 1996, Espoo.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

1995

Current status of converter steelmaking

Holappa, L., 1995, Espoo, p. 52.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Foaming slag in electric arc furnace process

Holappa, L., 1995, Espoo, p. 36.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Kinetic study on solid state reduction of chromite pellets

Xiao, Y., Holappa, L. & Kekkonen, M., 1995, INFACON 7, Trondheim, Norja, 11-14.6.1995. Tuset, J. K., Tveit, H. & Page, I. G. (eds.). Trondheim, Norway: The Norwegian Ferroalloy Research Organization (FFF), p. 351-360

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Mathematical Modeling of Heat Transfer and Solidification in Upcasting of Copper

Holappa, L., 1995, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, p. 857-864, (Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes VII, London, England, September 10-15, 1995).

Research output: Working paperProfessional

1 Citation (Scopus)

Modelling and experimental study on reoxidation of steel in tundish

Holappa, L., 1995, Scaninject VII, Luleå, Sweden, June 7-8, 1995. Burström, E. (ed.). Luleå, Sweden: MEFOS, p. 203-221

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Modern steelmaking technology for special steels

Holappa, L. & Karvonen, P. H. J., 1995, The 14th International Scientific Conference Advanced Materials & Technologies, Zakopane, Poland, May 17-21, 1995. Dobrzanski, L. A. (ed.). The Netherlands: Elsevier Science S.A., p. 453-465

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Single slag practice in the AOD process

Holappa, L., 1995, Espoo.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

State-of-art of modern technologies for metals production

Holappa, L., 1995, Advanced Materials and Technologies, Otaniemi, Finland, March 30-31, 1995. V. Lindroos, T. A. (ed.). Espoo: Helsinki University of Technology, Laboratory of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, p. 157-180

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Teräksen vandiinipitoisuuden hallinta

Holappa, L., 1995, Espoo, p. 20.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Theoretical calculations of hydrogen behaviour in continuous casting steel

Holappa, L., 1995, Espoo.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Thermodynamics of slags containing chromium oxides

Holappa, L., 1995, INFACON 7, Trondheim, Norja, 11-14.6.1995. Tuset, J. K., Tveit, H. & Page, I. G. (eds.). Trondheim, Norway: The Norwegian Ferroalloy Research Organization (FFF), p. 319-328

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

1994

Current status of production of direct reduced iron

Holappa, L., 1994, Espoo.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Experimental and computational study on flow velocities in electromagnetic stirring of Wood's metal and its effect on the solidification structure

Szekely, J. & Holappa, L., 1994, International Symposium on Electromagnetic processing of materials '94, Nagoya, Japan, October 25-28, 1994. University, N. (ed.). Nagoya: The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan, p. 209-216

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Fluid flow and free surface phenomena in rotary electromagnetic stirring of a metallic melt

Szekely, J., Vives, C. & Holappa, L., 1994, In : ISIJ International. 35, 3, p. 292-301

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Heating and melting of wustite pellets in liquid slag

Holappa, L., 1994, In : Steel research. 65, 11, p. 459-465

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Heat transfer and melting characteristics of metallized pellets

Holappa, L., 1994, In : Steel research. 65, 12, p. 511-516

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Impact of energy and environment on the development of metallurgical processes

Holappa, L., 1994, Second International Symposium on "Metallurgical Processes for the Year 2000 and Beyond", San Diego, California, USA, September 21-23, 1994. Sohn, H. Y. (ed.). The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, p. 641-660

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Interfacial energy between slag and metal in equilibrium and reaction conditions

Mu, D., Liukkonen, M. & Holappa, L., 1994, International Symposium on Science and Technology of Metallurgical Processing, The Morita Symposium, Osaka, Japan, October 11-13, 1994. Emi, T. & Iguchi, M. (eds.). Osaka, p. 13-18

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Kinetic reaction models of chromite reduction by CO

Kekkonen, M. & Holappa, L., 1994, SULA-seminaari, Oulu, 14.-15.12.1994. Hakulin, H. (ed.). Helsinki: Suomen Teräksen- ja Metallintuottajien Yhdistys, p. 223-244

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review