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Research Output

Article

Active Tundish Slag

Holappa, L., Kekkonen, M., Louhenkilpi, S., Hagemann, R., Schröder, C. & Scheller, P., 2013, In : Steel Research International. 84, 7, p. 638-648

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Activity determination in chromium oxides containing slags

Holappa, L., 1993, In : ISIJ International. 33, 1, p. 66-74

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Activity of titanium oxide in CaO-SiO2-Ti3O5 slags at 1600 °C

Ariyo, C. O. & Holappa, L. E. K., 2002, In : Scandinavian Journal of Metallurgy. 31, 6, p. 38-392

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

6 Citations (Scopus)

Addition of Dispersoid Titanium Oxide Inclusions in Steel and Their Influence on Grain Refinement

Holappa, L., Iung, T. & Kiviö, M., 2010, In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science. 41, 6, p. 1194-1204

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)
35 Citations (Scopus)

A general vision for reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emissions from the steel industry

Holappa, L., Sep 2020, In : Metals. 10, 9, p. 1-20 20 p., 1117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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A High Temperature Mass Spectrometric Study of the Thermodynamic Properties of Cu-Mg Solid Alloys

Shilov, A. L., Holappa, L. E. & Stolyarova, V. L., 1998, In : Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. 12, p. 1133-1136

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

A Knudsen Effusion High Temperature Assembly for a Quadrupole OMG-420 Mass Spectrometer

Shilov, A. L., Holappa, L. & Stolyarova, V. L., 1997, In : Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. 11, p. 1425-1429

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

A model for estimating viscosities of aluminosilicate melts containing alkali oxides

Nakamoto, M., Miyabayashi, Y., Holappa, L. & Tanaka, T., 2007, In : ISIJ International. 47, 10, p. 1409-1415

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Bubble bursting Phenomenon in Gas/Metal//Slag Systems

Han, Z. & Holappa, L., 2003, In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B. 34B, 5, p. 525-532

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Characteristics of iron entrainment into slag due to rising gas bubbles

Han, Z. & Holappa, L., 2003, In : ISIJ Int. 43, p. 1698-1704

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Composition Dependence of Viscosity in Binary Silicate Melts Using Double Exponential Function

Nakamoto, M., Tanaka, T., Holappa, L. & Yamamoto, T., 2012, In : ISIJ International. 52, 10, p. 1902-1908

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Control of ejections caused by bubble bursting in steelmaking processes

Müller, K. T., Holappa, L. & Neuschütz, D., 2003, In : Steel Research International. 74, 2

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Developments in online surface and internal quality forecasting of continuously cast semis

Normanton, A. S., Barber, B., Bell, A., Spaccarotella, A., Holappa, L., Laine, J., Peters, H., Link, N., Ors, F., Lopez, A. & Laraudogoitia, J. J., 2004, In : Ironmaking and Steelmaking. 31, 5, p. 376-382

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Effect of Rice Husk Ash Insulation Powder on the Reoxidation Behavior of Molten Steel in Continuous Casting Tundish

Kim, T. S., Chung, Y., Holappa, L. & Park, J. H., 1 Jun 2017, In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science. 48, 3, p. 1736-1747 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Estimation of Surface Tension of Molten Silicates Using Neural Network Computation

Nakamoto, M., Hanao, M., Tanaka, T., Kawamoto, M., Holappa, L. & Hämäläinen, M., 2007, In : ISIJ International. 47, 8, p. 1075-1081

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Evaluation of surface tension of molten silicate by using neural network computation

Nakamoto, M., Hanao, M., Tanaka, T., Holappa, L. & Hämäläinen, M., 2007, In : ISIJ International.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Evaluation of the Surface Tension of Ternary Silicate Melts Containing Al2O3, CaO, FeO, MgO or MnO

Nakamoto, M., Kiyose, A., Tanaka, T., Holappa, L. & Hämäläinen, M., 2007, In : ISIJ International. 47, 1, p. 38-43

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)

Experimental study and modelling of viscosity of chromium containing slags

Forsbacka, L., Holappa, L., Kondratiev, A. & Jak, E., 2007, In : Steel Research International. 78, 9, p. 676-684

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Experimental study of viscosities of selected CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 slags and application of the Iida model

Forsbacka, L., Holappa, L., Iida, T., Kita, Y. & Toda, Y., 2003, In : Scandinavian Journal of Metallurgy. 32, p. 273-280

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Fluid flow and free surface phenomena in rotary electromagnetic stirring of a metallic melt

Szekely, J., Vives, C. & Holappa, L., 1994, In : ISIJ International. 35, 3, p. 292-301

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Formation of metal droplets from gas bubbles bursting on iron melt

Han, Z. & Holappa, L., 2001, In : Steel Research International. 72, 11+12, p. 434-438

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

From megaplants to mini-mills - a trend in steelmaking - a prospect for papermaking

Johansson, A. & Holappa, L., 2004, In : Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 40, p. 173-183

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Glimmers of research in metallurgy

Holappa, L., 2005, In : Scandinavian Journal of Metallurgy. 34, p. 1-13

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

H2S-sensing properties of SnO2 produced by ball milling and different chemical reactions

Kersen, Ü. & Holappa, L., 2006, In : Analytica Chimica Acta. 562, p. 110-114

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Heating and melting of wustite pellets in liquid slag

Holappa, L., 1994, In : Steel research. 65, 11, p. 459-465

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Heat transfer and melting characteristics of metallized pellets

Holappa, L., 1994, In : Steel research. 65, 12, p. 511-516

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Immobilisierung von Schwermetallen in Bodenreinigungsruckständen durch ein Schmelzverfahren

Dalmijn, W. L., Felix, R. A., Voutilainen, P., Holappa, L. & Karlemo, B., 1996, In : Entsorgungs Praxis. 1/2, p. 18-21

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Improving Cleanliness of 16MnCrS5 Case Hardening Steels by Optimized Active Tundish Flux

Kekkonen, M., Holappa, L. & Leuverink, D., 4 Jul 2017, In : Steel Research International. 88, 7, 7 p., 1600364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Inadvertent Melting of Radioactive Sources in BOF or EAF: Distribution of Nuclides, Monitoring, Prevention

Neuschütz, D., Spirin, D., Quade, U., Meier-Kortwig, J., Holappa, L., Hämäläinen, M., Heredia Lozano, M. A. & Guio Bonany, M. J., 2005, In : ISIJ International. 45, 2, p. 288-295

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Influence of calcium aluminate flux on reoxidation behaviour of molten steel during continuous casting process

Kim, T. S., Holappa, L. & Park, J. H., 2019, In : Ironmaking and Steelmaking.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Interfacial Phenomena in Fe/Stainless SteelTiC Systems and the Effect of Mo

Kiviö, M., Holappa, L., Takeshi, Y. & Toshihiro, T., 2014, In : HIGH TEMPERATURE MATERIALS AND PROCESSES. 33, 6, p. 571-584

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Interfacial Phenomen in Fe-TiC Systems and the Effect of Cr and Ni

Kiviö, M., Holappa, L., Yoshikawa, T. & Tanaka, T., 2012, In : HIGH TEMPERATURE MATERIALS AND PROCESSES. 31, 4-5, p. 645-656

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Investment Evaluation of an Integrated Steel Mill Using Multiple Criteria

Kekkonen, M., Tuomaala, M., Holappa, L. & Ahtila, P., 2006, In : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREEN ENERGY. 3, 2, p. 149-158

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Investment Evaluation of an Integrated Steel Mill Using Multiple Criteria

Kekkonen, M., Tuomaala, M., Holappa, L. & Ahtila, P., 2006, In : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREEN ENERGY. 3, 2, p. 149-158

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Kuonan roolista teräksen valmistuksessa

Holappa, L., 2009, In : MATERIA. 3, p. 47-51

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Low reoxidation tundish metallurgy at Fundia Koverhar steel plant

Manninen, V., Lano, T. & Holappa, L., 2000, In : Scandinavian Journal of Metallurgy. 29, 4, p. 156-165

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Mass spectrometric measurements of the gas phase composition over mould powder samples in vacuum conditions at 50-1550 C

Shilov, A. & Holappa, L., 2006, In : Steel Research International. 77, 11, p. 803-808

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Measurement of surface tension of solid Cu by improved multiphase equilibrium

Nakamoto, M., Liukkonen, M., Friman, M., Heikinheimo, E., Hämäläinen, M. & Holappa, L., 2008, In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science. 39, 4, p. 570-580

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Measuring and modeling of viscosity and surface properties in high temperature systems

Holappa, L., Forsbacka, L. & Han, Z., 2006, In : ISIJ International. 46, 3, p. 394-399

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Mechanism and kinetics of transformation of alumina inclusions by calcium treatment

Han, Z., Liu, L., Lind, M. & Holappa, L., 2006, In : ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA. 19, 1, p. 1-8

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Mechanisms of iron entrainment into slag due to rising gas bubbles

Han, Z. & Holappa, L., 2003, In : ISIJ International. 43, 3, p. 292-297

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Melting behavior of Sn-Bi alloy powder compacts observed using optical dilatometry

Nakamoto, M., Heikinheimo, E., Kekkonen, M., Friman, M. & Holappa, L., 2009, In : International Journal of Materials Research. 100, 5, p. 677-683

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Novel multiphase equilibrium method using a Na2O-SiO2 Droplet

Nakamoto, M., Liukkonen, M., Friman, M., Heikinheimo, E., Hämäläinen, M., Holappa, L. & Yamamoto, T., 2010, In : Scripta Materialia. 62, 11, p. 871-874

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

On Physico-Chemical and Technical Limits in Clean Steel production

Holappa, L., 2010, In : Steel Research International. 81, 10, p. 869-874

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Optimization of Intensified Silicon Deoxidation

Nurmi, S., Louhenkilpi, S. & Holappa, L., 2013, In : Steel Research International. 84, 4, p. 323-327

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Oxidation State and Activities of Chromium Oxides in CaO-SiO2-CrOx Slag System

Xiao, Y., Holappa, L. & Reiter, M. A., 2002, In : Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B. 33B, p. 595-603

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Oxidation State of Titanium in CaO-SiO2-TiOx Slags at 1873K

Ariyo, C., Gonzales, P. & Holappa, L., 2005, In : Steel Research International. 76, 4, p. 286-289

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
2 Citations (Scopus)

Radioactive sources in the steelmaking process, Final Report

Neuschutz, D., Spirin, D., Holappa, L., Hämäläinen, M., Heredia Lozano, M. A., Guio Bonany, M. J., Rivas Ordonez, O., Quade, U., Meier-Kortwig, K. R. & Dyllong, N., 2005, In : European Commission. p. 1-98

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional