Gary Watkins

Research outputs

  1. 2019
  2. Published

    Characterisation of Municipal Sewage Sludge as a Soil Improver and a Fertilizer Product

    Pöykiö, R., Watkins, G. & Dahl, O., Sep 2019, In : ECOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY AND ENGINEERING S-CHEMIA I INZYNIERIA EKOLOGICZNA S. 26, 3, p. 547-557 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  3. Published

    Evaluation of the utilization potential of debarking residue based on the requirements of Finnish waste legislation

    Pöykiö, R., Watkins, G. & Dahl, O., Mar 2019, In : Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. 21, 2, p. 463–470

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  4. Published

    Characterisation of used traction sand for utilization aspects in earth construction based on the requirements of Finnish environmental legislation

    Pöykiö, R., Grönvall, M., Watkins, G., Välimäki, I., Perämäki, P. & Dahl, O., 2019, In : Geology, geophysics & environment. 45, 2, 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  5. 2018
  6. Published
  7. 2016
  8. Published

    Value in sustainability: the process industry perspective

    Pajunen, N., Aarnio, T., Heiskanen, K. & Watkins, G., 2 Jan 2016, In : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE ENGINEERING. 9, 1, p. 59-72 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  9. Published

    Heavy metals leaching in bottom ash and fly ash fractions from industrial-scale BFB-boiler for environmental risks assessment

    Pöykiö, R., Mäkelä, M., Watkins, G., Nurmesniemi, H. & Dahl, O., Jan 2016, In : TRANSACTIONS OF NONFERROUS METALS SOCIETY OF CHINA. 26, 1, p. 256-264 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  10. Published

    Use of Symbiosis Products from Integrated Pulp and Paper and Carbon Steel Mills: Legal Status and Environmental Burdens

    Husgafvel, R., Nordlund, H., Heino, J., Mäkelä, M., Watkins, G., Dahl, O. & Paavola, I-L., 2016, In : Journal of Industrial Ecology. 20, 5, p. 1187-1198 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  11. 2015
  12. Published

    Chemical fractionation of NPEs in slaker grits for environmental risk assessment

    Pöykiö, R., Dahl, O., Nurmesniemi, H. & Watkins, G., 2015, In : Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science. 4, 1, p. 22-26

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  13. 2014
  14. Published

    A three-step fractionation scheme for non-process elements in green liquor dregs from a kraft pulp mill

    Pöykiö, R., Nurmesniemi, H., Dahl, O. & Watkins, G., 2014, In : JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATION AND SCIENCE. 9, 1, p. 48-58

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  15. Published

    Carbon Footprint Reduction Potential in the Steel Industry both in regional, EU, and Global Scale based on the experiences of the Bothnian arc metallurgical industry.

    Heino, J., Gornostayev, S., Watkins, G., Suopajärvi, H., Paananen, T., Mäkelä, M., Husgafvel, R., Dahl, O. & Fabritius, T., 2014, European Steel Environmental & Energy Congress (ESEC) 2014. 15-17 September 2014, Teesside University, UK..

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientific

  16. Published

    Comparison of the landfill disposal options for bottom and fly ash fractions from an industrial-scale (120 MW) power plant incinerating different fuel mixtures.

    Pöykiö, R., Manskinen, K., Nurmesniemi, H., Watkins, G. & Dahl, O., 2014, The 29th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, March 30 - April 2, 2014, Philadelphia, P.A., USA. p. 479-484

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  17. Published

    Evaluation of the bio-accessible non-process element concentrations in slaker grits by synthetic sweat and gastric fluids extraction

    Pöykiö, R., Nurmesniemi, H., Dahl, O., Watkins, G. & Manskinen, K., 2014, In : Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science. 3, 2, p. 65-70

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  18. Published
  19. Published
  20. 2013
  21. Published

    Editorial - The renewal of Waste Framework Directive: Industrial residues - Is recycling now more straightforward?

    Watkins, G., Husgafvel, R. & Paavola, I., 2013, In : JOURNAL OF WASTE MANAGEMENT. 33, p. 1-3

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  22. Published

    Forest fertilizer properties of ash fractions from a 32 MW municipal district heating plant incinerating peat and solid wood-based fuels

    Husgafvel, R., Pöykiö, R., Nurmesniemi, H., Dahl, O., Watkins, G., Mäkelä, M. & Tikka, J., 2013, ISWA BEACON 2nd International Conference on Final Sinks, 16-18 May 2013. p. 55-

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  23. Published

    Industrial residues is recycling now more straightforward?

    Watkins, G., Husgafvel, R. & Paavola, I-L., 2013, In : Waste Management. 33, 1, p. 1-2

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  24. Published
  25. Published
  26. Published
  27. Published
  28. Published

    Trace element contents of bubbling fluidized bed boiler bed sand material as a function of particle size

    Mäkelä, M., Dahl, O., Watkins, G., Pöykiö, R. & Nurmesniemi, H., 2013, 2nd International Conference on Final Sinks, 16-18 May 2013, Espoo, Finland. p. 280

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  29. Published

    Trace element extractability from bottom and fly ash of an industrial-scale (120 MW) power plant using artificial sweat and gastric fluids

    Mäkelä, M., Pöykiö, R., Dahl, O., Manskinen, K., Watkins, G. & Nurmesniemi, H., 2013, the 2nd International Conference on Final Sinks, 16-18 May 2013, Espoo, Finland. p. 279

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  30. 2012
  31. Published

    Drivers and Barriers to Effective Industrial Materials Use

    Pajunen, N., Watkins, G., Wierink, M. & Heskanen, K., 2012, In : Minerals Engineering. 29, p. 39-46

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  32. Published

    Feasibility assessment of inter-industry solid residue utilization for soil amendment - Trace element availability and legislative issues

    Mäkelä, M., Lind, M., Oksanen, H., Watkins, G., Ekroos, A. & Dahl, O., 2012, In : RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING. 67, p. 1-8

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  33. Published
  34. Published

    Pseudo-total and extractable non-process elements in green liquor dregs

    Mäkelä, M., Pöykiö, R., Manskinen, K., Nurmesniemi, H., Dahl, O., Watkins, G. & Husgafvel, R., 2012, 3th International Conference on "Hazardous and Industrial Waste Management", 12 - 14.09. 2012, Chania-Crete, Greece.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  35. Published

    Secondary steel mill slags with pulp and paper mill solid residues for soil amendment: mineralogy, relevant physicochemical properties and trace element availability.

    Mäkelä, M., Nurmesniemi, H., Watkins, G., Pöykiö, R. & Dahl, O., 2012, In : International Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation. 3, 1, p. 207-208

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

  36. Published

    Sustainability management of forest products and sustainability assessment of new forest industry and cross-industrial symbiosis products: barriers or new horizons?

    Husgafvel, R., Nordlund, H., Heino, J., Mäkelä, M., Watkins, G. & Dahl, O., 2012, 2012 IUFRO Conference Division 5 Forest Products. 8-13 July`12 Estoril Congress Centre, Lisbon, Portugal. IUFRO

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  37. Published

    Sustainability management within Finnish forest products industry: translating EU level steering into proactive initiatives

    Husgafvel, R., Watkins, G. & Linkosalmi, L., 2012, 2012 IUFRO Conference Division 5 Forest Products, Lisbon-Portugal 8-13.7.2012. Union of Forest Research Organizations, I. (ed.).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  38. Published

    Trace element extractability from fly ash as a function of pH

    Mäkelä, M., Pöykiö, R., Nurmesniemi, H., Dahl, O. & Watkins, G., 2012, The 27th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management. March 11 - 14, 2012, Philadelphia, P.A., USA. p. 1193-1200

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  39. Published

    Utilization of steel, pulp and paper industry solid residues in forest soil amendment: Relevant physicochemical properties and heavy metal availability

    Makela, M., Watkins, G., Poykio, R., Nurmesniemi, H. & Dahl, O., 2012, In : JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. 207, 208, p. 21-27

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  40. 2011
  41. Published
  42. Published

    Application of a modified BCR approach to investigate the mobility and availability of trace elements (As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mo, Ni, Pb, Zn, and Hg)from a solid residue matrix designed for soil amen

    Mäkelä, M., Pöykiö, R., Watkins, G., Nurmesniemi, H. & Dahl, O., 2011, International Conference and Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. Ardil, C. (ed.). Pariisi, Ranska: WASET (World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology), p. 369-374

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  43. Published

    Drivers and barriers of effective industrial material use

    Pajunen, N., Wierink, M., Watkins, G. & Heiskanen, K., 2011, Proceedings of Conference of Resource Conservation and Recycling (SRCR) 11 in Cornwall, England 10-12.4.2011.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  44. Published

    Environmental Performance and Compliance Costs for Industrial Wastewater Treatment - an International Comparison

    Salomaa, E. & Watkins, G., 2011, In : SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. 19, 5, p. 325-336

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  45. Published

    Total and extractable element concentrations in bed sand material from a medium-sized (32 MW) municipal district heating plant incinerating peat, stumps, sawdust and recycled wood

    Watkins, G., Pöykiö, R., Nurmesniemi, H., Dahl, O. & Mäkelä, M., 2011, In : Fuel Processing Technology. 92, 6, p. 1195-1202

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  46. 2010
  47. Published

    An integrated approach in the beneficial utilisation of steel, pulp and paper industry solid residues in forest soil amendment

    Mäkelä, M., Watkins, G., Dahl, O., Nurmesniemi, H. & Pöykiö, R., 2010, 2nd International Conference on Hazardous and Industrial Waste Management, 5.-8.10.2010, Kreeta, Kreikka. p. 293-295

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  48. Published

    Earth Construction and Landfill Disposal Options for Slaker Grits

    Watkins, G., Pöykiö, R., Nurmesniemi, H. & Dahl, O., 2010, In : RESEARCH JOURNAL OF APPLIED SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY. 2, 8, p. 757-764

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  49. Published

    Heavy metal concentrations in bottom ash and fly ash fractions from a large-sized (246 MW) fluidized bed boiler with respect to their Finnish forest fertilizer limit values

    Dahl, O., Nurmesniemi, H., Pöykiö, R. & Watkins, G., 2010, In : Fuel Processing Technology. 91, 11, p. 1634-1639

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  50. Published

    Innovative use potential of industrial residues from the steel, paper and pulp industries a preliminary study

    Watkins, G., Mäkelä, M. & Dahl, O., 2010, In : PROGRESS IN INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY: AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL. 7, 3, p. 185-204

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  51. Published

    Integration of Solid Residues from the Steel and Pulp and Paper Industries for Forest Soil Amendment

    Mäkelä, M., Watkins, G., Dahl, O., Nurmesniemi, H. & Pöykiö, R., 2010, In : JOURNAL OF RESIDUALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 7, 4, p. 191-198

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  52. Published

    Slaker grits from the causticising process of a pulp mill - a potential fertiliser and liming agent material for use in agriculture and forestry

    Nurmesniemi, H., Dahl, O., Watkins, G. & Pöykiö, R., 2010, In : International Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation. 1, 3/4, p. 312-324

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  53. Published
  54. 2009
  55. Published
  56. 2008
  57. Published

    Environmental performance and the cost of water pollution control compliance in industry

    Salomaa, E. & Watkins, G., 2008, The 14th Annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference, New Delhi, India 21.-23.9.2008. New Delhi: Management Development Institute, India ja International Sustainable Development Research Society

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  58. Published

    Industrial ecology applied to metallurgical, chemical and pulp and paper industries around the Bothnian Arc

    Heino, J., Watkins, G., Makkonen, H., Koskenkari, T., Leinonen, V., Dahl, O., Fabritius, T. & Virtanen, E., 2008, Scanmet III Conference, 8-11 June 2008, Luleå, Sweden. Luleå, Sweden, p. 243-252

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

  59. Published

    Papermaking Science and Technology, Environmental Management and Control, Volume 19

    Dahl, O., Hynninen, P. & Watkins, G., 2008, Second Edition ed. Helsinki. 289 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportBookProfessional

ID: 51034