Spatial nature of urban well-being



The evidence for connections between subjective well-being and spatial factors remains inconclusive, especially with respect to the immediate living environment. To fill this gap, this paper explores the relationship between individual-level subjective well-being and spatial variables in urban areas. This resolution is achieved by utilizing finely divided geographical information system (GIS)-based neighbourhood data, and controlling for objective and subjective spatial characteristics, as well as socio-spatial factors. The results suggest that subjective well-being has some spatial nature, but the direction of these relationships is highly dependent on the subjective well-being measure used. For example, central pedestrian zones flourish in terms of quality of life, whereas the highest happiness is reported in car-oriented zones. Overall, subjective spatial characteristics are more important for well-being than objective ones.
Date made available14 Sept 2017

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  • CC-BY-4.0


  • This is related to sustainability
  • Spatial nature of urban well-being

    Ala-Mantila, S., Heinonen, J., Junnila, S. & Saarsalmi, P., 2018, In: Regional Studies. 52, 7, p. 959-973 15 p.

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    Open Access
    51 Citations (Scopus)
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